Understanding Foreign Policy Decision Making by Alex Mintz, Karl DeRouen Jr.

By Alex Mintz, Karl DeRouen Jr.

Knowing overseas coverage selection Making offers a choice making method of overseas coverage research. This method makes a speciality of the choice approach, dynamics, and end result, highlighting the function of mental components in overseas coverage choice making. The ebook features a wealth of prolonged real-world case reviews and examples which are woven into the textual content. The circumstances and examples, that are written in an obtainable kind, contain judgements made by way of leaders of the USA, Israel, New Zealand, Cuba, Iceland, uk, and others. as well as insurance of the rational version of selection making, degrees of study of international coverage determination making, and kinds of choices, the e-book comprises broad fabric on choices to the rational selection version, the selling and framing of choices, cognitive biases and mistakes, and family, cultural, and foreign affects on choice making in foreign affairs. present textbooks don't current such an method of international coverage selection making, diplomacy, American international coverage, and comparative international coverage.

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However, this section also focuses on heuristic decision-processing characteristics and concepts because we discuss explanations of foreign policy decision making that do not rely on the classical rational assumptions. Sage notes that these approaches most directly address the decision process because they set out to explain and understand the limitations of human cognition. Significant cognitive limitations affect information search. The use of heuristic decision rules generally means the use of simplified cognitive shortcuts in decision making.

Time Constraints One of the hallmarks of crises is that time is limited and decisions might be rushed. Time pressure may take the form of a short deadline for a decision or, more likely, “an uncertain deadline that is believed to necessitate a quick decision” (Renshon and Renshon 2008, 513). Crisis decision makers do not have the luxury of waiting to see how decisions play out. Because time is limited, the rational actor model is typically compromised. 3. Environmental factors affecting foreign policy decisions Time constraints Information constraints Ambiguity Familiarity Accountability Risk Stress Dynamic vs.

Decisions can also be conceptualized as “impulse-driven (emotional) actions, ends-means (instrumental) actions, or interaction-oriented (strategic) actions” (Walker and Schafer forthcoming, 4). As for foreign policy and political decision making, there are two types of decisions: impulse-driven (the psychological approach) and ends-means (the rational choice approach). Both consider strategic interaction. Unilateral, Negotiated, Structured, and Unstructured Decisions Sometimes, decisions are unilateral, such as Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi’s decision to abandon Libya’s nuclear program in 2003 or New Zealand’s 1985 decision to prohibit visits to its ports by ships carrying nuclear cargo.

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