By United Nations
This version of the evaluation makes a speciality of environmental and similar healthiness standards and their impression on constructing international locations' marketplace entry. It examines either the possibilities and demanding situations provided by means of those requisites. additionally it is either common and sectoral analyses of the problem, and appears at sectors the place environmental specifications are serious to marketplace entry: electric and digital apparatus and natural agricultural items. The overview additionally offers an summary of contemporary UNCTAD technical cooperation and means development actions within the region of alternate and setting.
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Additional resources for Trade and Environment Review 2006: Environmental Requirements and Market Access for Developing Countries--Developing Pro-active Approaches and Strategies
Improve technical infrastructure, notably monitoring and testing equipment. Use (voluntary) eco-labelling and environmental management schemes. The difference between policy and capacity issues at the WTO level is not entirely clear-cut. g. on seeking or assuring the active participation of developing-country exporters that might be particularly affected by a specific environmental/health requirement in pre-regulation-setting consultations) that address or overcome (fully or partly) lack of capacity.
Second, such measures need to be applied in a transparent, predictable and uniform way to all WTO Members. 1 18 UNCTAD Trade and Environment Review 2006 ERHRs with similar objectives in different countries. Indeed, it is not rare to find diverging levels of stringency in an ERHR even among EU member States, for example in the case of packaging regulations or in systems for management of waste electrical and electronic equipment. There have been various proposals to address this problem, including: • Introducing into the TBT Agreement a requirement to provide information that justifies the measure, and linking it to a risk assessment in accordance with methodologies developed by relevant international organizations.
Moreover, it has been reported that some important non-governmental bodies that develop ERHRs are unsure of whether they may use the WTO’s notification procedures, even though there is no other obvious alternative mechanism for communicating their ERHRs. Of course, prior warning to enable a smooth transition and implementation of the ERHR is not the only purpose of the notification provisions. Without this information, producers in developing countries could not possibly comment on the development of ERHRs that may have an impact on their market access.