Theoretical Principles of Sociology, Volume 2: Microdynamics by Jonathan H. Turner

By Jonathan H. Turner

Micro-level dynamics revolve round face-to-face interactions between members. What happens inside of encounters is restricted via their embedding with company and categoric devices and, via extension, institutional domain names, stratification structures, group networks, societies, and inter-societal structures. during this guide, the writer explores the influence of microdynamics on those better social systems.

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The other basic type of meso-level unit in which encounters are always embedded is the categoric unit, which are defined by a parameter marking individuals as distinctive (Blau 1977, 1994a). As I noted in the last chapter, parameters can be nominal or graduated, with nominal parameters placing individuals inside (or outside) a discrete categoric unit and with graduated parameters marking individuals’ location along a scale. In actual practice, however, graduated parameters are often converted into rough nominal parameters during the course of interaction.

4) Movements in encounters affect their dynamics. If a focused encounter allows for individuals to move in and/or out of the ecological huddle that occurs with most focused encounters, the behaviors of individuals will be much different than when they huddle in ways that prevent outsiders from coming in (Goffman 1967). If the encounter is set off in physical space, as is the case when people are in a closed room or a corner of public space, movement in and out becomes more difficult, or if it must occur, it is highly ritualized Dynamic Forces of the Micro Realm 15 with appropriate demeanor such as apologies that explain the movement.

The 18 1 The Micro-level Realm of Social Reality number, density, movements, and categories of individuals in an encounter will also determine what roles are available and how they can be played out in an encounter. As mentioned above, status and cultural forces always constrain expectations for who can play what role in what manner. Motive states, or what I term transactional needs (Turner 2002), determine which roles individuals will seek to play, and how they play them. And emotional forces, or states of affective arousal, will constantly intersect individuals’ efforts to select roles and the manner in which they are played (Turner 2007).

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