By D. R. Bienz
This quantity levels from the aesthetics and historical past of gardening to crucial recommendations and practices for indoor and outdoors decorative gardens, vegtable gardens or domestic orchards. up-to-date this version comprises info on natural gardening, biotechnology and genetic engineering.
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Extra info for The Why and How of Home Horticulture
In the Middle East, three cultivated river valleys were the centers of highly advanced ancient civilizations. Unique and very efficient irrigation cultures arose in the Nile, Indus, and Tigris-Euphrates valleys. The chronology of the Egyptian civilization, preserved in hieroglyphic writings, reveals that its agricultural economy was based on the annual flooding of the Nile River. Flooding provided not only irrigation water but also fertilizer in the form of a thin layer of mud. The annual flooding also leached away salts that tend to accumulate and make the soils of some arid regions unfit for cultivation (see “Crop Damage from Dissolved Chemicals” in Chapter 6).
Thus, most older horticulturists have referred to fruit, vegetable, and ornamental “varieties” all their lives, in both their speaking and their writing. But the term cultivar should be encouraged in order to avoid confusion with botanical variety. The cultivar name is capitalized and enclosed in single quotation marks, as ‘Hales Best’ muskmelon or ‘Red Delicious’ apple. For many years, horticulturists have designated as strains those groups of plants within a cultivar that have been selected and cultivated because they differ from other plants of that cultivar.
Some fruits and vegetables do not, however, readily fit this classification. For example, tomatoes, peppers, and beans, all botanically fruits, are considered vegetables because they are put to culinary uses that we ordinarily associate with vegetables. Rhubarb, usually grown as a vegetable, is normally used as a dessert, and the avocado, botanically and horticulturally a fruit, is frequently used in vegetable salads. In addition, edible plants such as kale, hot peppers, and herbs may sometimes be used as ornamentals, but hot peppers and herbs can also be classified as condiments, a term that describes spices and other products used to enhance the flavor of foods (Figure 1-6).