The Unity of the Senses. Interrelations Among the Modalities by Lawrence E. Marks

By Lawrence E. Marks

The cohesion of the Senses demonstrates that the senses of sight, listening to, flavor, scent, contact and temperature, instead of being separate, self reliant channels, are heavily knit structures that undergo many vital resemblances. Dr. Marks explores the similarities and interrelations one of the quite a few feel modalities, putting precise emphasis on synesthesia in sensation, conception, language and inspiration. the 1st a part of the booklet offers with sensory and perceptual phenomena and explores extensive 4 primary subject matters: the typical perceptual functionality of the psychophysical houses; and customary neural homes. within the moment half, the writer examines how the team spirit of the senses finds itself in language, particularly poetic language. detailed in its method of the senses as interrelated modalities, the monograph offers with a extensive diversity of phenomena in sensory procedures and notion and their courting to philosophy and poetry. it's written for cognitive psychologists, info scientists, and others attracted to sensory processing; neuro-scientists, philosophers, and theorists in tune, paintings and aesthetics

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1965) surmised that the reason that shape information was not transferred may be that the two sense modalities use different cues (features of the stimuli). For instance, edges might be used as discriminai cues for touch, vertices as cues for vision. Perhaps part of the problem is phylogenetic: Monkeys—lower primates—just may not be able to do what higher primates can. Actually, even monkeys can demonstrate some capacity for cross-modal transfer of shape and size, albeit the transfer may be subtle and small in degree (Blakeslee & Gunter, 1966).

Several lines of evidence militate against the generality of the hypothesis of verbal mediation. 4). 4. The Müller-Lyer illusion. The two horizontal lines are equally long. But the lower line, with the outwardly flaring wings, looks longer. The illusion also operates tactually, when the shapes are explored with the fingers. tactually (through passive exploration by the fingers) as well as when the line is perceived visually. Now, the magnitude of the illusion decreases over time, as the stimuli are repeatedly exposed; moreover, this adaptation-like decrement is found in both the visual and tactile modes.

Warmth, sweetness, pain are not copies of the physical properties that cause them. In the words of Democritus, "Sweet exists by convention, bitter by convention, color by convention; atoms and void (alone) exist in reality [Freeman, 1948, p. 9 3 ] . " Perceptions that do resemble their causes in the external world can arise from more than one sense modality. This is how the Doctrine of Equivalent Information ties in with the theory of primary qualities: Different senses inform us, veridically, about the same properties of the external world.

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