The Transformation of Cities: Urban Theory and Urban Life by David C. Thorns

By David C. Thorns

The purpose of the publication is to ascertain the transformation of the town within the past due twentieth century and discover the ways that urban existence is established. The shift from modern-industrial to information/consumption-based 'post-modern' towns is traced throughout the textual content. the point of interest is not only on the United States and Europe but additionally explores towns in different components of the area as urban development within the 21st century should be predominantly outdoors of those areas.

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The purpose of the e-book is to ascertain the transformation of town within the overdue twentieth century and discover the ways that urban lifestyles is established. The shift from modern-industrial to information/consumption-based 'post-modern' towns is traced in the course of the textual content. the point of interest isn't just on the USA and Europe but additionally explores towns in different components of the area as urban development within the 21st century can be predominantly outdoor of those areas.

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Extra info for The Transformation of Cities: Urban Theory and Urban Life

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Finally, there was the commuting zone which stretched out for an ever-increasing distance as the means and speed of commuting improved. 28 The Transformation of Cities Later theorists, working within this tradition, modified this concentric zone model based on further empirical analysis of other North-American and European cities. Hawley (1950) redefined the zones as sectors and showed how cities tended to grow along transport lines with both road and rail creating wedges or sectors of development rather than concentric rings.

Returning to Marx, both saw the way forward as identifying the circuit of capital as it was expressed through the urban form. The four main spheres within capitalist social formation identified by Marx, therefore, were the starting point for analysis, namely the production, circulation, consumption and exchange processes within capitalist society and how these were worked through in the urban context. To these initial four, later neo-Marxist writers added those of legitimation and contradictions (Kilmartin, Thorns and Burke 1985).

These were social-area analysis and factorial ecology (Berry and Kasarda 1977). Neither added substantially to the theory of city growth articulated earlier. What they did was to provide a greater range of analyses of cities in various parts of the world, showing how the urban areas and subareas were characterised by forms of residential segregation, household structure, and ethnic concentrations. In some ways, this led to urban studies becoming something of a theoretical backwater. This position changed with first a Weberian-inspired critique leading to the focus upon the ‘urban managers’ and then a 30 The Transformation of Cities Marxian-inspired critique focusing upon the production and reproduction of urban space and the formation of urban social movements.

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