The Niger Household Energy Project: Promoting Rural Fuelwood by Gerald Foley, Willem Floor, Gerard Madon, Elhadji Mahamane

By Gerald Foley, Willem Floor, Gerard Madon, Elhadji Mahamane Lawali, Pierre Montagne, Kiri Tounao

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Extra resources for The Niger Household Energy Project: Promoting Rural Fuelwood Markets and Village Management of Natural Woodlands (World Bank Technical Paper)

Sample text

It was also evident, however, that unless the growth in fuelwood demand could be brought under control, it would rapidly outstrip and overwhelm any such sustainable supply. The design of the Household Energy Project was therefore based on a two-pronged approach. The supply component focused on the management of the natural woodlands in the fuelwood catchment areas of Niamey and the other major towns (Figure 2). The demand component concentrated on the promotion of substitute fuels, principally kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), as a means of limiting the growth in fuelwood demand.

3 million, from the Danish government. Implementation Once the project was under way, the implementing team set about collecting the needed working data. Detailed surveys of the fuelwood supply chain, from the urban consumer back to the source of supply in the rural areas, were begun. Inventories of the natural woodland resources around Niamey and the other major urban areas were carried out. The fuelwood traders' professional association was brought into the discussions on how the supply system could be improved and made sustainable.

Tiger bush, aerial view.  Tiger bush, ground-level view. Figure 1 Tiger Bush Formations Page 3 Large areas of natural woodland have been cleared for agriculture. Trees are also cut to supply fuelwood to the urban areas. Around Niamey, the tree cover has been so reduced that, from the air, the city itself appears as by far the most heavily wooded area within a radius of 30 to 40 kilometers. During the 1970s, amid fears of a fuelwood supply crisis within the coming decades, there were proposals for large plantations, some of them irrigated, of fast-growing tree species such as eucalyptus and neem.

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