By Charles Darwin
Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882) used to be an English naturalist who completed lasting status through generating massive facts that species originated via evolutionary swap, whilst featuring the medical thought that average choice is the mechanism in which such switch happens. This concept is now thought of a cornerstone of biology, and has considerably affected different disciplines similar to philosophy, psychology and anthropology. Darwin's paintings was once very arguable on the time he released it and lots of in the course of his time didn't take it heavily. Evolution by way of traditional choice proved to be an important blow to notions of divine production and clever layout customary in 19th-century technology, in particular overturning the construction biology doctrine of "created kinds". the concept there has been no line to be drawn among people, races, and animals could perpetually make Darwin a logo of iconoclasm who got rid of humanity's privileged position within the universe.
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Extra info for The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin - Volume I
Before long I became well acquainted with Henslow, and during the latter half of my time at Cambridge took long walks with him on most days; so that I was called by some of the dons “the man who walks with Henslow;” and in the evening I was very often asked to join his family dinner. His knowledge was great in botany, entomology, chemistry, mineralogy, and geology. His strongest taste was to draw conclusions from long-continued minute observations. His judgment was excellent, and his whole mind well balanced; but I do not suppose that any one would say that he possessed much original genius.
A short conversation with him during this evening produced a strong impression on my mind. Whilst examining an old gravel-pit near Shrewsbury, a labourer told me that he had found in it a large 38 The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin - Volume I worn tropical Volute shell, such as may be seen on the chimneypieces of cottages; and as he would not sell the shell, I was convinced that he had really found it in the pit. I told Sedgwick of the fact, and he at once said (no doubt truly) that it must have been thrown away by some one into the pit; but then added, if really embedded there it would be the greatest misfortune to geology, as it would overthrow all that we know about the superficial deposits of the Midland Counties.
He was an ardent disciple of Lavater, and was convinced that he could judge of a man‘s character by the outline of his features; and he doubted whether any one with my nose could possess sufficient energy and determination for the voyage. But I think he was afterwards well satisfied that my nose had spoken falsely. Fitz-Roy‘s character was a singular one, with very many noble features: he was devoted to his duty, generous to a fault, bold, determined, and indomitably energetic, and an ardent friend to all under his sway.