The Jordan River Dispute by Samir N. Saliba

By Samir N. Saliba

In spite of the significance of the Jordan River dispute, there was no complete and systematic examine of the matter. What few articles were written to this point were fragmentary and primarily handled the historical past of the dispute. M. G. Ionides, in "The Disputed Waters of Jordan," heart East magazine, Vol. 7 (I953), pp. I53 ff., Georgiana Stevens, within the "Jordan River V alley," foreign C on­ ciliation, No. 506 (I956), and extra lately, Kathryn B. Doherty, in "The Jordan Waters Conflict," foreign Conciliation, No. 533 (I965), problematic this subject matter. H. A. Smith, within the "Waters of the Jordan: an issue of overseas Water Control," foreign Affairs, Vol. 25 (I949), pp. 4I5 ff. has been the exception. notwithstanding, his paintings is superseded in that many different components have entered the image on the grounds that I949. My function in scripting this examine is twofold. First, i've got sought to replace the writings during this box. moment, it truly is was hoping that the findings of this learn will supply a clearer and a extra target perception into the issues concerned. fundamental assets for this learn comprise United countries files, Arab and Israeli executive guides, federal and foreign legislation circumstances facing river disputes, treaties, and newspapers. Sec­ ondary resource fabrics contain books, articles in discovered journals, and others.

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4 Hence, land in Syria is plentiful but water supply severely limits its utilization. The area which can support rain-fed cultivation is limited because of the location of the country or rainfall distribution. The country is divided into several rain-fall zones. Because of its typically Mediterranean climate, Syria is characterized by winter rainfall and summer drought. Generally speaking, the rainfall decreases from north to south and from the coastal region to the interior. The heaviest rainfall occurs along the western exposures of the mountains paralleling the eastern shore of the Mediterranean.

That basin. It can be seen from the above discussion that Lebanon's problems in the area of agricultural development are not due to the lack of water resources. Its main problem is the scarcity of cultivable land to supply food for its rapidly increasing population. Its economic interest in the Jordan waters is minor. 3. JORDAN Jordan is the poorest of the countries under consideration. As presently constituted, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan has existed only since I950 when the former Kingdom of Transjordan incorporated that portion of the Palestine hills remaining in Arab lands at the end of the Arab-Israeli war of I948.

By 1959, more than I,OOO MCM of these were already being used for irrigation. " 5 This conclusion was based on the estimate of the amount of water required to cultivate! acre of land under top priority classification which ranges from 600 m 3 to 800 m 3 (m 3 = cubic meter). Under the soil classification system of Israel, this would include some 750,000 acres requiring a minimum of I,800 MCM and a maximum of 2,400 MCM annually. Hence, there is not enough water to irrigate all priority lands. As stated by the Israeli Governmerit: Irrigation Research and Water Utilization in Israel, op.

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