The Invention of Mikhail Lomonosov: A Russian National Myth by Steven A. Usitalo

By Steven A. Usitalo

This research explores the evolution of Lomonosov’s implementing stature in Russian concept from the center of the eighteenth century to the final years of the Soviet interval. It finds a lot in regards to the intersection in Russian tradition of attitudes in the direction of the that means and importance of technological know-how, in addition to in regards to the upward thrust of a Russian nationwide identification, of which Lomonosov grew to become a great image. Idealized depictions of Lomonosov have been hired through Russian scientists, historians, and poets, between others, in efforts to verify to their countrymen and to the kingdom the pragmatic merits of technological know-how to a modernizing state. In environment forth this assumption, Usitalo notes that no sharply drawn department may be upheld among the usage of the parable of Lomonosov throughout the Soviet interval of Russian heritage and that which characterised past perspectives. the most parts that shaped the mythology have been laid down within the eighteenth and 19th centuries; Soviet students easily extra extra exaggerated layers to current representations.

“Steven A. Usitalo’s the discovery of Mikhail Lomonosov: A Russian nationwide delusion is a pioneering research of Mikhail Lomonosov’s scholarly acceptance within the Russian cultural mind's eye. As each Russian has been studying at school starting within the mid-nineteenth century until eventually the current, Lomonosov used to be a polymath, a genius to whom Russian tradition is indebted for the construction of not just poetry but in addition of almost another clinical and social self-discipline, together with chemistry, physics, geography, heritage, and linguistics. the writer convincingly demonstrates the mythological nature of this acceptance and strains its emergence from the eighteenth-century biographies of Lomonosov to the paintings of the main enthusiastic twentieth-century historian of Lomonosov’s lifestyles and paintings, Boris Menshutkin, whose many articles and books have solidified and perpetuated the parable of Lomonosov because the maximum nationwide genius. Erudite and elegantly argued, the booklet is certain to develop into compulsory analyzing for each Lomonosov student, technology and literary historians alike.” (Irina Reyfman, Columbia University)

"[Usitalo's] ebook masterfully demonstrates the ability of nationwide narrative and culture in developing history." (Fillip Velgach New Books in background 2013-08-13)

“With his publication, Usitalo has confirmed that it truly is attainable to write down in an unique approach approximately an outdated subject and make it fascinating and proper. the writer not just deconstructs and obliterates the previous fable, yet retraces the real tale of Lomonosov, the scientist. . . . With this e-book Usitalo advances not only our realizing of Lomonosov, yet opens the window to a bigger research of the position of myth-making within the improvement of nationwide consciousness.” (Marina Swoboda Canadian Slavonic Papers, Vol. LVI, Nos. 1-2, March-June 2014)

“The Invention of Mikhail Lomonosov has strength entice a few audiences. For historians of technological know-how, this examine presents perception into the particularities of the Russian case and the way it differs from, and is the same to, the veneration and self-fashioning of non-Russian scientists akin to Galileo in early glossy Europe or Benjamin Franklin within the usa. Historians of Russia and the Soviet Union also will take advantage of this book’s fascinating principles concerning the 'mythogenic' traits of Russian tradition, the place cults of personality― starting with political figures and increasing to the pantheon of literary, engineering, and cosmonaut heroes―play this sort of well-known function in politics and within the propagation of rules approximately what it capacity to be a Russian.” (Andrew Jenks Isis, Vol. a hundred and five, No. three (September 2014))

“The substance and benefit of Usitalo’s examine is his richly documented and copiously footnoted serious reconstruction of the parable of Lomonosov the scientist and its progress and reconfigurations over the years, set in the broader context of the pan-European conception of clinical biography.” (Marcus C. Levitt Slavic and East ecu magazine, 58.2 (Summer 2014))

"Usitalo's such a lot welcome monograph tracks the ever increasing fable of Lomonosov from its eighteenth-century origins right down to its Soviet implosion, clarifying alongside the best way the function the parable performed within the modernization of Russian nationwide tradition. The fabricated from years of research in Lomonosov's place of origin, Usitalo's unheard of paintings presents a well-researched, subtly argued corrective to the longstanding view of Lomonosov because the unmatched "father of Russian science." (James Cracraft)|"Steven Usitalo's pioneering ebook permits us to work out the Russian fable of Lomonosov, the nice son of the folk, in a brand new gentle. The author's target isn't to be an iconoclast: he doesn't paintings to debunk this tale of an determine of Russian tradition, yet really to open a serious viewpoint on it, stimulating a feeling of complexity and ambivalence." (Joachim Klein)

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Additional resources for The Invention of Mikhail Lomonosov: A Russian National Myth

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The tensions in Petrine historiography, implicit in defining specific changes as either as reforms or revolutions, or neither, are also systematically examined (see in particular her concluding chapter, “The Legacy,” pp. 462-70). For an investigation of the “cultural revolution” directed by Peter the Great, see James Cracraft’s three-volume consideration of the topic: The Petrine Revolution in Russian Architecture (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988); The Petrine Revolution in Russian Imagery (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997); and The Petrine Revolution in Russian Culture (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004).

Iushkevich, eds. Razvitie idei Leonarda Eilera i sovremennaia nauka: sbornik statei (Moscow, 1988); Robert E. Bradley and C. , Leonhard Euler: Life, Work and Legacy (Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2007); and V. N. , Leonard Eiler: K 300-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia. Sbornik statei (St. Petersburg, 2008). See also Boss, Newton and Russia; Ronald S. D. , University of Chicago, 1971); idem, “Leonhard Euler: The First St. Petersburg Years (1727-1741),” Historia Mathematica 23 (1996): 12166; Iu. Kh. Kopelevich, “Leonard Eiler—deistvitel’nyi i pochetnyi chlen Peterburgskoi Akademii nauk,” in Akademechiskaia nauka v Sankt-Peterburge v XVIII-XX vekakh: istoricheskie ocherki, ed.

8 (Moscow-Leningrad, 1948), 5-40. With the exception of a communication of disputable attribution (see E. S. Kuliabko, “Neizvestnoe pis’mo I. I. Shuvalova k M. V. Lomonosovu,” XVIII vek 7 [1966]: 99-105), only one letter from Ivan Shuvalov to Lomonosov has been found: Martynov, Lomonosov: perepiska, 209-10. 33 34 Chapter 1 his historiography: tales of a mythic youth in the far north of Russia; his journeying for education to Moscow and then to Marburg, following a winding path to and through these cities in his search for the intellectual benefits he might receive; and his long years of heroic toil at the Academy of Sciences.

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