By Robert W. Proctor
In this new quantity in Springer-Verlag's sequence "Recent learn in Psychology", Drs. Proctor and Weeks research what has lengthy been a "self-asserted superiority" of habit analysts and Skinnerian researchers. such a lot behavior-analytic perspectives derive from the philosophy of radical behaviorism, as conceived through B.F. Skinner, and prescribe a "world view" the place environmental contingencies make sure all elements of habit. This view inevitably assumes all different perspectives to be inferior as a result of its international view, consequently, these subscribing to behaviour research will tolerate no different conception. The objective of B.F. Skinner and behaviour Analysis examines heavily the explanation in the back of the Skinnerian philosophy, difficult its validity during the author's personal research.
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Additional info for The Goal of B.F. Skinner and Behavior Analysis
819). 24 Despite Skinner's assertion to the contrary, Krippner et ale (1988) note that they and other humanistic psychologists "are firmly committed to the scientific enterprise" (p. 819). Students trained in humanistic psychology receive courses in a variety of research methods and in all of the maj or schools of psychological thought. Thus, humanistic psychology has sought to maintain ties with the science of psychology by at least remaining consistent with its bas ic tenets. As we will show later, behavior analysis can make no such similar claim.
Further, its emergence as the predominant paradigm for psychology was predicated by major advances in communications engineering, computer science, linguistics, neuroscience, quantitative modeling, and other fields (Lachman, Lachman, & Butterfield, 1979). These advances provided a common theoretical language for making precise, testable explanations of human behavior, in terminology that is consistent with that used in the analysis of inanimate systems (Posner, 1986). Moreover, the rise of cognitive psychology as the preeminent force in scientific psychology neither was impeded nor enhanced significantly by humanistic psychology or psychotherapy.
783). Yet, these strong assertions are made with no supporting documentation. Examination of the historical record indicates that humanistic psychology hardly can be regarded as a serious impediment to the development of TEAB as a viable science of psychology. The behavior-analytic approach has been advocated for approximately 50 years, since the publication of The Behavior of Organisms (Skinner, 1938). The first conference devoted to the experimental analysis of behavior was held in 1947 (Hineline & Laties, 1987).