The Facts on File Dictionary of Earth Science by Jacqueline Smith

By Jacqueline Smith

A part of the technology Dictionary sequence, this paintings gains greater than 2,000 cross-referenced entries, observed by way of 50 black-and-white illustrations that provide easy-to-understand details on quite a number climate- and climate-related issues.

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Lum of animals having jointed limbs and a segmented body protected by a chitinous exoskeleton. The Arthropoda is the largest phylum in the animal kingdom and its six most important classes are the CRUSTACEA, Arachnida (spiders and scorpions), Myriapoda (centipedes and millipedes), Merostomata (king crabs and the extinct eurypterids), INSECTA, and the extinct TRILOBITA. Fossils of arthropods represent mainly aquatic benthonic forms, which lived in the most favorable environments for preservation; such arthropods are thought to have been recognized in the Cambrian, perhaps even the Precambrian.

Clase FELDSPAR. anorthoclase /an-or-th’ŏ-klayss/ ety of alkali FELDSPAR. A vari- anorthosite /an-or-th’ŏ-sÿt/ A type of coarse-grained leucocratic igneous rock that occurs as vast intrusive bodies or as members of layered basic complexes. Plagioclase feldspar constitutes over 90% of anorthosite and is generally of labradorite composition but anorthosites composed of plagioclase ranging from andesine to anorthite are known. Minor mafic minerals include augite and hypersthene and with an increase in the amount of mafic minerals, anorthosites pass into gabbros.

Basal conglomerate A CONGLOMERATE at the base of a sequence of sedimentary rocks. It consists of a mixture of wellsorted coarse particles, usually deposited as a thin layer by an encroaching sea. basal sapping Any of a range of processes that act to remove debris from the foot of a slope. Basal sapping is important in the creation and maintenance of FREE FACES, leading to near vertical or steep slopes that are often unstable, hence causing MASS MOVEMENTS. For this reason it constitutes the major explanation of PARALLEL RETREAT of slopes, because the debris at the foot is constantly removed and the steepness of the slope is maintained, thus preventing slope decline.

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