The Cultural Meaning of the Scientific Revolution by Margaret C. Jacob

By Margaret C. Jacob

Jacob (history, New university for Social examine) proposes that the technological know-how of the seventeenth and 18th centuries used to be finally authorised since it used to be made suitable with better political and fiscal pursuits. Annotation copyright e-book information, Inc. Portland, Or.

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But when they sought an audience, both philosophers and audience responded to the material order everywhere around them. To that extent Cartesian science would remain, in its mainstream, ideologically absolutist in politics, and practically commercial in application. In contrast, the science of the Newtonians was to become the science of constitutional monarchy and of early industrialization. Yet the Cartesians were the true pioneers of modern science. They often labored in a hostile climate. " Despite this opposition Cartesian science spread in France, although not as rapidly as it did in Protestant Europe.

19 Beeckman never struggled with the fear of atheism when he approached either atomism or the mechanical philosophy; his Calvinism saved him from the struggle that gave birth to Gassendi's complex synthesis. Equally important, Beeckman encountered Aristotelianism in the Dutch schools and universities, but never did the Calvinist clergy entrenched in those universities possess the monopolistic power enjoyed by their counterparts at the Sorbonne. In a Dutch context one did not have to construct an entirely new foundation for learning in order to salvage Christian orthodoxy from the pretensions of the clergy, nor did Beeckman have to fear that intellectual dissent would literally destroy the Dutch polity or himself.

D. , Uni~ersity of Pennsylvania, 1976), pp. 154-160. 41. , pp. 335, 3 ,2_, Cf. Th. H. L. Scheurleer and G. H. P. , Lezden Unzverszty tn the Seventeenth Century (Leiden: Brill, 1975), p. 312. 42. Michael Heyd, Between Orthodoxy and the Enlightenment: jean-Robert Chouet and the Introduction of Cartesian Science in the Academy of Geneva (Nijhoff: The Hague, 1982), pp. 72-74. 43. , Four Centuries: Edinburgh Universzty Life, 1583-1983 (Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press, 1983), pp. 31-35. Cf. Alan Gabbey, "Philosophia Cartesiana Triumphata: Henry More (1646-71)," in Thomas M.

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