By Creative Publishing International.; Black & Decker Corporation
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You can often simplify your project by designing walls that are below the maximum height. 34 ■ The COmPleTe GuIDe TO GArDen WAlls & FenCes Add a lattice panel or another decorative element to permanent walls to create greater privacy without having to add structural reinforcement to the masonry structure. Wall 2× wall width Frost line 12" Shown cutaway Frost footings are required if a structure will be more than 2‑ft. tall or if it is tied to another permanent structure. Frost footings should be twice as wide as the structure they support and should extend 8 to 12 inches below the frost line (see pages 42 to 45).
Pour in 1⁄2 of the water, and then add all of the dry mix. Run the mixer for 1 minute. Add water in small increments as needed to reach the desired consistency, then mix for 3 minutes. Empty the concrete into a wheelbarrow, and rinse the drum immediately. ■ Materials for Concrete Projects A G C D E B F Concrete mix, usually sold in 40‑, 60‑ or 80‑lb. bags, contains all the components of concrete. You simply add water, mix, and place the concrete. Several varieties are offered at most building centers.
Single-wythe block wall Double-wythe brick wall Single-wythe brick wall Select a construction design that makes sense for your project. There are two basic methods used in stacking brick or block. Structures that are only one unit wide are called single wythe, and are typically used for projects like brick pillars or planters, and for brick veneers. Double‑wythe walls are two units wide and are used in free‑standing applications. Most concrete‑block structures are single wythe. ■ Planning Brick & Block Projects 3' Keep structures as low as you can .