The Causes and Cures of Criminality by Hans J. Eysenck, Gisli H. Gudjonsson

By Hans J. Eysenck, Gisli H. Gudjonsson

The identify that the authors have selected for this booklet, The motives and therapies of illegal activity, means that it can be simply one other booklet specu­ lating at the sociological evils that must be placed correct for "everything within the backyard to be lovely." If this can be the expectancy, the reader couldn't be extra wrong. The recurrent subject matter, in reality, is a robust accessory on mental experiments. either authors have tackled the theoretical and useful facet of crime via an exhaustive literature assessment of previous experi­ psychological paintings. Hans J. Eysenck has focused on the constitutional and organic thought of illegal activity, while Gisli Gudjonsson has con­ cerned himself extra with a assessment of ongoing examine into treatment and attainable prevention of delinquent habit. half I is going into massive aspect at the factors of criminal activity, stressing a lot of the surprisingly overlooked region of person changes in character. examine experiences aspect to a really heavy involvement of heredity within the causation of illegal activity, however the authors are cautious to recognize that a lot might be performed environmentally to deter a lifetime of crime as soon as these folks who're in danger were identified.

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The Causes and Cures of Criminality

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Ectomorphs were rare, as were ectomorphic mesomorphs in comparison with endomorphic mesomorphs. As a generalization, they concluded that the 200 delinquent youths were decidedly mesomorphic and decidedly lacking in ectomorphy, but that there appeared to be no strongly defined tendency, either way, with regard to endomorphy. Sheldon has suggested a way of representing the three-dimensional nature of his system in two dimensions and has published a distribution of somatotypes for a male college population of 4,000, in which each black dot represents 20 cases (Figure 6).

34 with ectomorphy. 64 with ectomorphy. These correlations are rather high, and as the two parts of the study (psychiatric ratings and morphology ratings) were apparently kept separate, they are of considerable interest. In summary, it may be said that Sheldon's results, wherever they are comparable with the work of his predecessors, agree fairly well with their conclusions. Sheldon's studies suffer from methodological and statistical weakness that make it difficult to accept some of his claims, particularly insofar as they relate to the size of correlations observed between somatotype and temperament.

The Gluecks found that 60% of their delinquents were predominantly mesomorphic, compared with only 31% of the nondelinquents. This was a major difference between the groups in addition to a lower ectomorphic component in the delinquent group. , exactly 50%, predominantly mesomorphic in physique, but only 11 predominantly endomorphic or ectomorphic; 12 had balanced physiques. Epps and Parnell (1952), working as Gibbens did in England, studied a group of 177 young women, between the ages of 16 and 21, undergoing Borstal training.

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