TEX and METAFONT : new directions in typesetting by Donald Ervin Knuth

By Donald Ervin Knuth

Vintage paintings on electronic typography, from one of many founding fathers of the

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They are also stored in the MVL and are executed later, at \shipout time. The reason for their delayed execution is that they may have to write the page number on an output file, and that number is only known in the output routine (see chapter 16 about the asynchronous nature of the OTR). , from Icelandic to Serbo-Croatian). These whatsits are stored in memory with the rest of the current paragraph, while the paragraph text is being read in H mode. When the paragraph builder typesets the paragraph (determines the line breaks), the whatsits are used to select the set of hyphenation rules appropriate for each language.

They result in b+~ and ~+c, respectively. The examples above show that boxes placed in an \hbox can be shifted horizontally by means of globs of glue (or kern). It is also possible to move them vertically by means of the \raise and \lower commands. Thus 1 7. \hbox{\kern4pt A\kern8pt BC\kern8pt D\kern4pt} produces A BC D I, but \hbox{\kern4pt\raise4pt\hbox{A} \kern8pt BC \kern8pt\lower6pt\hbox{D} \kern4pt} . \00 BC \ results m [Pl. An \hbox is constructed by placing its components side by side such that their baselines are aligned.

Reference 11 is a detailed description of the . dvi file format. The entire anatomy is summarized in the diagram below. -OTR I· dvi I --+ rp I rp ~ The advantage of this anatomical description is that we can think of the process as a pipeline. Material (mostly tokens) advances from organ to organ and is processed in stages. However, the individual organs sometimes affect each other. The best example is the \catcode primitive. It is executed in the stomach and immediately starts affecting the way the mouth assigns catcodes to tokens.

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