By Chon Tejedor
Thematically based, the booklet leads the reader via an intensive review of the advance of Wittgenstein's idea, leading to a extra finished figuring out of the roots of his philosophical matters. supplying assurance of the entire variety of Wittgenstein's previous and later paintings, the publication emphasizes the connection among his therapy of language and his remedy of the opposite significant questions in philosophy. Crucially the ebook introduces the foremost thinkers whose paintings proved influential within the improvement of Wittgenstein's suggestion, together with Frege, Russell and Schopenhauer. this is often the right creation for a person coming to the paintings of this demanding philosopher for the 1st time.
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This raises a fairly obvious difﬁculty, however. For whereas the concept of bachelor is relatively straightforward and familiar to us (so that we can easily understand that bachelors must be unmarried), the concept of proposition in the sense Wittgenstein uses it is neither straightforward nor familiar. It is worth taking a moment, then, to explain why, according to Wittgenstein, it belongs to the concept of proposition that all propositions should be analyzable into ‘elementary propositions’ consisting of ‘names’.
In this section, I would like to consider in a little more detail the issue of why Wittgenstein does not provide us with any examples of elementary propositions. We have seen that, for Wittgenstein, all ordinary propositions of natural languages can be logically analyzed and that their logical analyses eventually come to a determinate stopping point. At this point the propositions that emerge are no longer couched in natural languages: they are ‘elementary propositions’ and belong to an absolutely precise and unambiguous logical language.
What can a philosopher tell us about thought, the mind and the self that would not be better explained by a psychology specialist? Wittgenstein suggests that this reaction is mistaken. There is, in his view, a distinctive philosophical approach to questions about thought, the mind and the self: one that is altogether different from the psychological approach and which, in some ways, is more fundamental. According to Wittgenstein, psychology aims to uncover the facts about thought, the mind and the self.