Social Simulation: Technologies, Advances and New by Bruce Edmonds, Cesareo Hernandez, Klaus G. Troitzsch

By Bruce Edmonds, Cesareo Hernandez, Klaus G. Troitzsch

The simulation of social habit in a number of domain names is an more and more very important technological instrument.

eference survey of social simulation paintings, Social Simulation: applied sciences, Advances and New Discoveries comprehensively collects the main interesting advancements within the box. Drawing study contributions from a colourful neighborhood of specialists on social simulation, this optimum Reference resource offers a collection of exact and leading edge methods, starting from agent-based modeling to empirically established simulations, in addition to purposes in company, governmental, clinical, and different contexts. This publication might be an important reference software for researchers, educators, and practitioners in such fields as sociology, geography, economics, environmental technological know-how, man made intelligence, computing device studying, machine engineering, and networks, and a invaluable, interdisciplinary addition to educational libraries.

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Extra resources for Social Simulation: Technologies, Advances and New Discoveries

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H. Barkow, L. Cosmides, & J. ), The adapted mind: Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture (pp. 163-228). A. (2001). Reciprocal altruism under conditions of partner selection. Rationality and Society, 13(2), 139-183. H. (1997). ’ Evolution and Human Behavior, 18, 261-78. Flache, A. (2001). Individual risk preferences and collective outcomes in the evolution of exchange networks. Rationality and Society, 13(3), 304-348. , & Hegselmann, R. (1999a). Altruism vs. self-interest in social support.

The capabilities of the model are demonstrated in a simulation of the deterrent effects of taxpayer audits. The simulation finds that a significant portion of audit-based deterrence may depend on the influence of taxpayers’ social networks rather than the probability of detection or penalty for underreporting as indicated by economic theory (Allingham & Sandmo, 1972). IntroductIon Tax evasion is the deliberate failure to pay taxes lawfully owed to the government. In recent years, many governments have become concerned about an apparent rise in the level of evasion.

The results are displayed graphically in Figure 6 with numerical output shown in Table 2. suMMarY and future research The purpose of this chapter was to describe the development of TCS, a prototype model devel- Figure 6. Voluntary compliance rate by audit rate and social network size 00 0 VCR (%) 0 0 0 0 0      Audit Rate     0 0   0   Network Size Simulation parameters: RDEU transformation of audit probabilities (overweighting), x penalty rate, heterogeneous agents, 00 agents, and 00 t ime periods, 0% visible income, subsequent period effects last  periods.

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