Social Networks and Migration in Wartime Afghanistan by K. Harpviken

By K. Harpviken

Drawing on fieldwork within the Herat region, Afghanistan, this publication addresses migration styles all through 3 many years of struggle. It launches a framework for realizing the function of social networks for peoples responses to struggle and catastrophe besides as mobilizing or protecting fabric assets for safety and amassing details.

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Extra resources for Social Networks and Migration in Wartime Afghanistan

Sample text

He argues that the high reliance on kin was a particularity of this case, as neither political parties nor other institutional sources of information were present. The apparent assumption that kin is highly important only in the absence of other institutions is questionable (Collyer 2005). For reasons stated above, I assume that, when accessible, networks based on kinship and friendship are preferred sources of information even when alternative sources of information exist. Koser finds that, at the time he conducted his interviews, some three years after the escape of most respondents, most had well-developed information systems about the situation back home, and a majority had more than one source of information.

As we shall see, studies of how people cope with situations where freedom of choice is extremely limited, as under severe poverty, have proven this to be the case. This adds to the fact that control over resources tends to be associated with command over multiple ties. When people with a scarce resource base rely on a few, but close, social ties in times of crisis, this is not only because such ties are more likely to be relied upon in times of difficulty. It is also because these are people who generally have fewer and less varied ties (Salaff, Fong, and Siu-lun 1999).

I will also draw on social networkbased studies within other fields of collective behavior, particularly within migration, political mobilization, risk and disaster, and economic sociology (see also Brettell and Hollifield 2000b: 1364–1365; Cernea and McDowell 2000; Haug 2008). My ambition is not to build a full-fledged theoretical framework for the study of forced migration, since to do so would require looking far beyond the social network analytical field. Rather, the aim is to explore how the insights gained through social network analysis can be applied to forced migration.

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