By David R. Shaffer
The good fortune of this best-selling textual content lies within the author's trust strong textual content talks with, instead of at, its readers. Shaffer does a rare task of expecting scholars' pursuits, questions, and matters whereas treating them as lively contributors within the technique of studying approximately social and character improvement. The 6th variation of SOCIAL AND character improvement beneficial properties essentially written, present insurance of social and character improvement that aids scholars in studying the explanations, tactics, and complexities that underlie developmental switch. scholars examine why organic and environmental components, contextual elements reminiscent of cross-cultural, familial, local, tuition, and peer-group impacts reason switch in kids. Shaffer additionally explores the ways that researchers use to check their theories and solution very important questions about constructing teenagers and kids. This book's potent assurance of box study sticks out from different texts not just for its accuracy and foreign money, yet simply because Shaffer continually juxtaposes vintage study with the newest breakthroughs in a fashion that is helping scholars relish how wisdom builds on previous findings. This variation contains a a lot improved emphasis on cultural impacts on improvement.
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Additional info for Social and Personality Development , Sixth Edition
There is the issue of whether developmental change is gradual or abrupt, the issue of whether it is quantitative or qualitative, and the issue of whether it is or is not reliably connected to earlier developments. developmental stage a distinct phase within a larger sequence of development; a period characterized by a particular set of abilities, motives, behaviors, or emotions that occur together and form a coherent pattern. Is Development Universal or Particularistic? Finally, theorists often disagree about whether the most noteworthy aspects of development are universal (that is, normative outcomes that everyone is said to display) or particularistic (trends or outcomes that vary from person to person).
Thus, the clinical method considers each subject to be unique. Jean Piaget, a famous Swiss psychologist, relied extensively on the clinical method to study children’s moral reasoning and general intellectual development. The data from Piaget’s research are largely protocol records of his interactions with individual children. Here is a small sample from Piaget’s (1932/1965, p. 140) work on the development of moral reasoning—a sample which shows that this young child thinks about lying in a very different way than adults do.
Ethnography method in which the researcher seeks to understand the unique values, traditions, and social processes of a culture or subculture by living with its members and making extensive observations and notes. 4 Ethnographic researchers attempt to understand cultural influences by living within the community and participating in all aspects of community life. Ethnography Ethnography—a form of participant observation often used in the field of anthropology—is becoming increasingly popular among researchers who hope to understand the impact of culture on developing children and adolescents.