By Mark Patton
Sir John Lubbock (1834–1913), first Lord Avebury, used to be a number one determine within the clinical, political and fiscal global of Victorian Britain, and his existence offers an illuminating case research into the ways in which those diverse aspects have been interlinked in the course of the 19th century. Born right into a Kent banking kinfolk, Lubbock's schooling used to be drastically inspired by way of his neighbour, Charles Darwin, and after the e-book of The beginning of Species, he used to be one in every of his so much vocal supporters.
A pioneer of either entomology and archaeology and a winning writer, Lubbock additionally ran the kin financial institution from 1865 till his demise in 1913, and served as a Liberal MP from 1870 till his ennoblement in 1900. In a lot of these roles he proved tremendous profitable, however it is the inter-relations among technological know-how, politics and enterprise that kinds the middle of this booklet. particularly it explores the way Lubbock acted as a hyperlink among the medical worlds of Darwin, Huxley and Tyndall, the political global of Gladstone and Chamberlain and the enterprise global of Edison and Carnegie. by way of tying those threads jointly this research indicates the $64000 function Lubbock performed in defining and popularising the Victorian perfect of development and its courting to society, tradition and Empire.
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Extra info for Science, Politics and Business in the Work of Sir John Lubbock (Science, Technology and Culture, 1700–1945)
In the days of paper prosperity ... 10 The Lubbocks were probably not the models for the Crotchets (whose antecedents were Scottish) but they belonged to the same social class and milieu. The annual meetings of the British Association for the Advancement of Science were a magnet for the progressive elements of early-nineteenth century society. 11 John’s father was not a regular attender; a Fellow of the elite and exclusive Royal Society, he was perhaps sceptical of the value of an open membership association, whose meetings (attended by more than a thousand people) were as much social as scientific.
There were a number of eligible young ladies in the Lubbocks’ social circle in Kent. He sent valentines to Sibella Norman (the daughter of a neighbour and friend at Bromley 3 F. Burkhardt & S. Smith 1994, 1533. The original is in the Sterling Library, Yale University. 4 C. Darwin 1851; 1851–54; 1854. 5 RS LUA1. 6 J. Lubbock 1853a. 7 J. Lubbock 1853b. 8 J. Lubbock 1853b–c. G. Wells), but Di Creyke seems to have been his main romantic interest in 1853. They sat on the rocks together during a visit to his uncle in St Leonards in May and John noted that ‘...
His father seems to have given him the space to develop his interests – John’s diary for March 1852 suggests that he was at the bank only on Mondays and Saturdays2 – but this could only ever be a temporary arrangement. 1 2 Cited by H. Hutchinson 1914, 30–31. BL Add. 62679, 6. 24 Science, Politics and Business in the Work of Sir John Lubbock Impressed by John’s developing scientific ability, even Darwin doubted whether he would be able to continue. 3 John’s microscopic explorations under Darwin’s guidance that had begun five years previously, as a distraction, had become something far more serious.