By Arleen Marcia Tuchman
German-born Marie Zakrzewska (1829-1902) used to be the most well-known lady physicians of nineteenth-century the US. top recognized for making a smooth clinic and scientific schooling application for ladies, Zakrzewska battled opposed to the gendering of technology and the restrictive definitions of her intercourse. In technology Has No intercourse , Arleen Tuchman examines the lifestyles and paintings of a girl who maintains to problem historians of gender to this day.
At a time while most girls physicians laid declare to "female" traits of care and nurturance to justify their expert selection, Zakrzewska insisted that every one physicians, despite gender, may still depend on the rational colleges constructed via education within the common sciences. She considered technology as a democratizing tool-anyone may grasp technology, she asserted, and hence the doorways to the elite career of drugs can be opened to all.
Shedding gentle at the alterations that substantially remodeled drugs within the overdue 19th century, Tuchman's research additionally demonstrates how Zakrzewska's activism is necessary to the continuing debate over the connection among technology and intercourse.
Read or Download Science Has No Sex: The Life of Marie Zakrzewska, M.D. PDF
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Additional info for Science Has No Sex: The Life of Marie Zakrzewska, M.D.
Finally, both Zakrzewska’s and her mother’s decisions to practice a healing art seem almost predetermined, driven by a family history of women (and some men) entering the world of medicine. ≤∏ It is certainly possible that this setting stimulated her interest in midwifery, but whether she felt drawn to this line of work or not, it is highly unlikely that she relished the idea of pursuing this career in the mid-1830s. With four small children at home the thought of becoming a midwife must have felt overwhelming.
Schmidt’s deep appreciation of the intimate relationship between the two attracted the attention of Prussia’s minister of culture, Johann Albrecht Friedrich Eichhorn, who was looking for someone to help revamp the state’s medical system. Schmidt came to Berlin in 1843 to assist with the task. ∫ Schmidt’s recommendations for restructuring the Prussian medical system echoed those of a large group of academically trained physicians throughout Germany who had been trying since the early 1840s to convince their state governments to institute both curricular and licensing reforms.
Government o≈cials had long ago exerted control over the distribution of health care practitioners, trying to prevent their concentration in the wealthier sections of the city. As it turned out, the Zakrzewskis were surprised by Caroline Fredericke’s assignment. They had already moved to a better part of town in anticipation of an assignment to that district and had even signed a new lease (on Stralauer Street). Why they would have expected this is unclear, but when Caroline Fredericke was told that she would be practicing instead near the Hamburg gate, the family had to move again, and the Zakrzewskis were caught paying rent on two apartments.