Religious Ethics for AS and A2 by Jill Oliphant

By Jill Oliphant

Structured without delay round the specification of the OCR, this can be the definitive textbook for college kids of complex Subsidiary or complicated point classes. The up to date 3rd variation covers the entire priceless themes for non secular Ethics in an relaxing student-friendly style. every one bankruptcy includes:

  • a record of key issues
  • OCR specification checklist
  • explanations of key terminology
  • overviews of key students and theories
  • self-test overview questions
  • exam perform questions.

To maximise scholars' possibilities of luck, the ebook features a part devoted to answering exam questions. It comes whole with diagrams and tables, full of life illustrations, a entire word list and entire bibliography. extra assets can be found through the spouse website.

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Synthetic statements – the truth or falsity of the statement can be determined by checking to establish the facts either way. Examples of synthetic statements are statements of science, history and ordinary life. Ethical statements are not verifiable – there are no empirical facts which can be checked to see if any ethical statement is true or false – so they are meaningless. The only way they can be understood is as an expression of feelings. Ayer’s theory of ethical language is known as emotivism, as it is simply an expression of feeling of approval or disapproval.

This change is imperceptible, but is however, of the last consequence. (Hume, Treatise of Human Nature, [1740] 2004) We cannot, he says, infer from a description of how the world is to how the world ought to be. Moore used what has become known as the ‘open question argument’. ’ and the fact that we can even ask this question shows that ‘good’ and ‘bad’ cannot be the names of natural properties in the way that ‘rough’ and ‘smooth’ are. ’ However, it does make sense and so we have to conclude that goodness is not a property of happiness.

This means that the word ‘good’ also has a prescriptive meaning. This can happen with any words that both commend and describe, such as ‘steal’ and ‘murder’. Hare, like the emotivists, is saying that there is a difference between the descriptive meaning and the prescriptive meaning, and when we use words with an ethical meaning we use them prescriptively: ‘Stealing is wrong’ really means ‘You ought not to steal and neither will I’. Prescriptivism holds that, to achieve consistency in moral judgements, when we say that someone else ought to do something, we ought to do it as well.

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