Plato in Renaissance England by Sears Jayne (auth.)

By Sears Jayne (auth.)

This publication deals an intensive reappraisal of the popularity of Plato in England among 1423 and 1603. utilizing many fabrics now not hitherto to be had, together with proof of ebook publishing and e-book possession, including a accomplished survey of allusions to Plato, the writer indicates that the English have been some distance much less attracted to Plato than so much historians have suggestion. even though the English, just like the French, knew the `court' Plato in addition to the `school' Plato, the English released merely works by means of Plato in this interval, whereas the French released good over a hundred variants, together with numerous of the full Works. In England allusions to Plato take place extra frequently in prose writers reminiscent of Whetstone, eco-friendly, and resort, than in poets like Spenser and Chapman. Sidney did take his `Stella' from Plato, yet such a lot English allusions to Plato have been taken indirectly from Plato or from Ficino, yet from different authors, particularly Mornay, Nani-Mirabelli, Ricchieri, Steuco, and Tixier.

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C. Decembrio Bruni 131, fols. 20'-30• 131, fols. IIO) 315, fols. 387) lost (Leland, 1774; Mynors, 1963, p. 387) 125, fols. 217•-218' 113, 224B Bruni's preface to Phaedo Proclus, Elements of Theol. Moerbeke tr. (based on Mynors, Catalogue of Balliol MSS) All of these books Grey left to his college at Oxford. Duke Humfrey like-wise had intended that his books stay at Oxford, in the magnificent library that he built to house them. But by the time of his death, in 1447, Humfrey had fallen into disgrace: he died in prison under charge of treason.

As it turned out, the entire Council was moved to Italy, first to Ferrara, and then to Florence, and Zenone was thus able to meet both Decembrio and Bruni without neglecting his Council business. Early in 1439 Zenone was able to arrange for Duke Humfrey to open a correspondence with Bruni and Pier Candido Decembrio (1399-1477), the son of Uberto, about a new translation of Plato's Republic. The fact that Humfrey was interested in the Republic shows that he had heard that Plato was useful for statesmen to read (Borsa, 1904).

60-67) of Boccaccio's De casibus virorum. Pynson printed Lydgate's version in 1494. Boccaccio himself nowhere mentions Plato in the De casibus virorum, but Lydgate, by way of embroidering on Boccaccio's text, adds five anecdotes about Plato, four taken from Higden's Polychronicon and one from John ofSalisbury'sPolicraticus. Thus in Book II (vol. II, p. , 1924-1927) where Lydgate relates the story of King Astriages, who married his daughter to Cambises, Lydgate borrows from Higden's Polychronicon the explanation that Astriages made this mistake because he had not heard about Socrates, and therefore supposed that nobility was conferred by blood rather than by divine grace: In thinking this, he did not take into account the fact That Socrates, Plato's teacher, Was oflow birth.

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