By Jelte Rozema, Rien Aerts, Hans Cornelissen
This e-book makes a speciality of how weather impacts or affected the biosphere and vice versa either within the current and long ago. The chapters describe how ecosystems from the Antarctic and Arctic, and from different latitudes, reply to international weather swap. The papers spotlight plant responses to atmospheric CO2 bring up, to worldwide warming and to elevated ultraviolet-B radiation due to stratospheric ozone depletion.
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Palustre at the expense of the abundance of S. recurvum coincided with a continual increase of the distance between Sphagnum surface and water table due to length growth of the plant shoots. In the mesocosms, the Sphagnum species did, however, respond to elevated CO2 during the first summer-autumn period by enhanced length growth at more favourable conditions than in the field including high water levels and lack of competing Polytrichum and vascular plants. The CO2 response was only shortterm, already fading during the second part of the first year, which may have been the result of downregulation of photosynthesis by non-structural carbohydrate accumulation or other limitations suggested by the significantly lower tissue N concentrations and higher C concentrations at elevated CO2 (Tuba et al.
Verzuring van kalkrijke venen – een studie naar effectgerichte maatregelen. Landschap 10: 17 –32 (in Dutch). , Vasander H. and Walle´n B. 2001. Raised atmospheric CO2 levels and increased N deposition cause shifts in plant species composition and production in Sphagnum bogs. Global Change Biol. 7: 591 –598. Bolin B. 1986. How much CO2 will remain in the atmosphere?. , Ja¨ger J. A. ), The Greenhouse Effect, Climate Change, and Ecosystems, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, pp. 93 –155. D. 1991. Inputs, outputs, and accumulation of nitrogen in an early successional moss (Polytrichum) ecosystem.
Environ. Monitor. Assess. 66: 107 –127. , Toet S. and Aerts R. 2006. Vascular plant responses to elevated CO2 in a temperate lowland Sphagnum peatland. Plant Ecol. 1007/s11258-005-9028-9. , Siegenthaler A. -M. 2002. Contrasted effects of increased N and CO2 supply on two keystone species in peatland restoration and implications for global change. J. Ecol. 90: 529 –533. S. F. -D. 1999. Ecosystem physiology responses to global change. , Canadell J. and Ingram J. ), The Terrestrial Biosphere and Global Change – Implications for Natural and Managed Ecosystems, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp.