By M. J. Tomlinson
This foreign instruction manual is key for geotechnical engineers and engineering geologists liable for designing and developing piled foundations. It explains common ideas and perform and information present sorts of pile, piling apparatus and strategies.
It comprises calculations of the resistance of piles to compressive so much, pile teams below compressive loading, piled foundations for resisting uplift and lateral loading and the structural layout of piles and pile teams. Marine buildings, miscellaneous difficulties (including equipment foundations, underpinning, mining subsidence components, contracts and frozen ground), sturdiness of piled foundations, floor investigations, and pile trying out also are lined.
It introduces the 2005 model of Eurocode7, BS 8004 and different codes, and refers to BS 6349 on maritime constructions, and new kinds of civil engineering contracts compatible for piling tasks. It contains various labored examples to the codes, many in keeping with genuine difficulties. It additionally offers very entire details for students.
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Extra info for Pile Design and Construction Practice
19b). This method was used to reduce the penetration depth of 1067 mm OD tubular steel piles used in the breasting dolphins of the Britoil Marine Terminal in Cromarty Firth. 5 m of loose silty sand for a further 16 m into a dense silty sand with gravel and cobbles. 25 m drop of the 10 tonne ram. 6 m penetration. 19 Increasing the bearing capacity of steel piles with welded-on wings (a) H-section wings welded to H-section pile (b) T-section wings welded to tubular pile. 42 Types of pile Driving resistance (blows/200 mm) 0 50 100 150 Sea bed 200 TP3 – 1 067 mm OD × 32 mm wall thickness (50 mm at shoe) open-end steel tube TP4 – 1 067 mm OD as TP3 but with 6 no.
Hollow-section piles can be driven with open ends. 3). It is not always necessary to fill hollow-section piles with concrete. 4). Concrete filling may be undesirable in marine structures where resilience, rather than rigidity, is required to deal with bending and impact forces. Where hollow-section piles are required to carry high compressive loads they may be driven with a closed end to develop the necessary end-bearing resistance over the pile base area. Where deep penetrations are required they may be driven with open ends and with the interior of the pile closed by a stiffened steel plate bulkhead located at a predetermined height above the toe.
Concrete filling may be undesirable in marine structures where resilience, rather than rigidity, is required to deal with bending and impact forces. Where hollow-section piles are required to carry high compressive loads they may be driven with a closed end to develop the necessary end-bearing resistance over the pile base area. Where deep penetrations are required they may be driven with open ends and with the interior of the pile closed by a stiffened steel plate bulkhead located at a predetermined height above the toe.