Philosophical Papers 1913-1946: With a Bibliography of by Otto Neurath

By Otto Neurath

The philosophical writings of Otto Neurath, and their valuable topics, were defined repeatedly, through Carnap in his authobiographical essay, via Ayer and Morris and Kraft many years in the past, by means of Haller and Hegselmann and Nemeth and others lately. How remarkable Neurath's insights have been, even if they might be have been extra to be visible as conjectures, aperfus, philosophical hypotheses, instruments to be taken up and utilized in the sensible workshop of existence; and the way prescient he was once. a couple of examples can be priceless: (1) Neurath's 1912 lecture at the conceptual critique of the belief of a excitement greatest [ON 50] considerably anticipates the improvement of facets of analytical ethics in mid-century. (2) Neurath's 1915 paper on substitute hypotheses, and structures of hypotheses, in the technology of actual optics [ON eighty one] supplies a lucid account of the historically-developed clashing theories of sunshine, their un­ learned additional percentages, and the implied contingencies of conception survival in technological know-how, all inside his framework that antedates not just the fairly related paintings of Kuhn such a lot of years later but additionally of the Vienna Circle too. (3) Neurath's next paper of 1916 investigates the inadequacies of varied makes an attempt to categorise platforms of hypotheses [ON eighty two, and this volume], and units forth a pioneering belief of the metatheoretical job of medical philosophy.

Show description

Read Online or Download Philosophical Papers 1913-1946: With a Bibliography of Neurath in English (Vienna Circle Collection, Volume 16) PDF

Best methodology books

The Transformation of Cities: Urban Theory and Urban Life

The purpose of the e-book is to check the transformation of the town within the past due twentieth century and discover the ways that urban lifestyles is established. The shift from modern-industrial to information/consumption-based 'post-modern' towns is traced throughout the textual content. the point of interest isn't just on the US and Europe but additionally explores towns in different components of the realm as urban development within the 21st century may be predominantly outdoors of those areas.

Researching 'Race' and Ethnicity: Methods, Knowledge and Power

'Gunaratnam's framework is wealthy in its exam and synthesis of methods to the learn of "race"… the gift for the reader who does decide up the publication is that the writer deftly articulates the complex view of analysis on "race" first from the quantitative point of view after which skilfully strikes the reader to problems with "race" in qualitative study' - reviews in Ethnicity and Nationalism 'This is a welcome e-book for these engaged in coverage and empirical paintings with an lively examine schedule… there's a point of theoretical sophistication within the textual content that is usually lacking from texts fascinated with equipment during this quarter' - Race relatives Abstracts `The specific price of this publication to readers lies within the dialogue of "race", ethnicity and examine concerns inside of a political and social context.

Theoretical and practical reason in economics : capacities and capabilities

The purpose of the e-book is to argue for the recovery of theoretical and sensible cause to economics. It offers Nancy Cartwright and Amartya Sen{u2019}s principles as situations of this recovery and sees Aristotle as a power on their idea. It seems at how we will use those principles to advance a useful knowing of sensible cause of fixing concrete difficulties in technology and society.

The Social Sciences of Quantification: From Politics of Large Numbers to Target-Driven Policies

This e-book info how quantification can serve either as proof and as an tool of presidency, no matter if while facing information on employment, occupational health and wellbeing and fiscal governance, or whilst constructing public administration or target-driven rules. within the procedure, it offers a thought-provoking homage to Alain Desrosières, who pioneered how you can examine huge numbers and the politics underlying them.

Extra resources for Philosophical Papers 1913-1946: With a Bibliography of Neurath in English (Vienna Circle Collection, Volume 16)

Example text

If we disregard magic and focus on the later forms of anti-religious ancient philosophy, we discover that the most successful 'enlighteners', the Epicureans, who were backed by a popular movement, were unscientifically minded, in spite of their opposition to theology and metaphysics. Rarely did scholars spring from their midst. In antiquity mathematics was advanced especially by the theologically minded Pythagoreans and Platonists; God was seen as a mathematical being. The notion of God obviously contains both: completely free play of the will, 'freedom', and on the other hand the highest order and thence its mathematical aspect.

It is especially fruitful if it leads at least one step beyond those facts it originally comprised. However, there may be good analogies that lead even several steps ahead. In my cursory remarks about the history of optics, I have already emphasised a significant analogoy. , expressed the opinion that light is something like sound. In connection with this analogy it is remarkable that the authors mentioned did not know anything about interference of sound or of light. The thinkers who analysed light were influenced by the advances of acoustics, just as those occupied with acoustics were by the advances of optics.

Until recently the conception of X-rays was often like this. Only much later was the periodicity of the impulses introduced, so that each trough of a wave was followed by a crest, this again by a trough and so on, at equal distances. However, Huyghens thinks that each point of the surface of the ball becomes itself the centre of another ball that it tends to spread to all sides. The surfaces of these numberless small balls, according to him, form the surface of the next large ball. Light therefore contains a tendency in more than one direction.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.59 of 5 – based on 30 votes