By Daniel Nettle
It really is one of many nice mysteries of human nature. Why are a few humans worriers, and others wanderers? Why are a few humans so easy-going and laid-back, whereas others are regularly trying to find a struggle?
Written by way of Daniel Nettle--author of the preferred ebook Happiness--this short quantity takes the reader on a thrilling journey of what smooth technology can let us know approximately human character. Revealing that our personalities stem from our organic make-up, Nettle appears on the most up-to-date findings from genetics and mind technological know-how, and considers the evolutionary origins and effects of other personalities. the center of the e-book sheds mild at the "big five": Extraversion, Neuroticism, Conscientious, Agreeableness, and Openness. utilizing a stimulating mix of true-life tales and medical learn, Nettle explains why now we have whatever deep and constant inside us that determines the alternatives we make and occasions we result in. He addresses such questions as why contributors of an identical family members range so markedly of their natures? what's the top character to have--a daring one or a shy one, an competitive one or a meek one? And are you caught together with your character, or are you able to switch it? existence, Nettle concludes, is partially the company of discovering a distinct segment the place your character works for you. "It is a question of selecting the suitable pond," he notes, "and being conscious of the dangers."
packed with knowledge in addition to clinical perception, this ebook illuminates the pluses and minuses of character, providing functional suggestion approximately dwelling with the character you have been born with.
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Extra info for Personality: What Makes You the Way You Are
Strikingly, being low on Conscientiousness is a strong predictor of death, increasing its probability in any given year by about 30 per cent. Why would this be? The chief causes of mortality were cancer and heart disease, and those high Character Matters 35 in Conscientiousness are likely to be protected from these. They smoke and drink less, for a start, and are probably more scrupulous in other aspects of their behaviour too. Friedman and colleagues also found that those who in childhood were optimistic and sociable had a differential probability of dying.
As for Agreeableness, my interpretation would be that someone 34 Character Matters high in empathy and the capacity for fellow-feeling would see when a relationship was causing two people to suffer, and try to work it out one way or another. Someone with less connection to the mental states of others might just go on despite coldness or even hostility. An even more remarkable study is that begun by Lewis Terman in 1921. Terman was interested primarily in intelligence and its effects on life outcomes.
For example, walking at evening through an unknown neighbourhood, I might perceive some cues potentially indicative of danger; the narrow, shaded streets, large male strangers lumbering about, and so forth. Such a scene may or may not in fact be dangerous. How can one tell? This is where we should expect to see an effect of individual differences. The scene contains enough cues that the anxiety mechanism will get activated if its threshold for activation in a particular person is rather low. However, if the person’s threshold is high, he may just enjoy the stroll.