By Joan Stevenson-Hinde, Camilla A. Hinde (auth.), Alexander Weiss, James E. King, Lindsay Murray (eds.)
The results of a symposium hosted through the yank Society of Primatologists, this quantity attests to the massive strides made in contemporary a long time by way of researchers learning primates and their habit. study into the inspiration of ‘personality’ in nonhuman primates will be traced again to the Thirties and 40s, whilst primatologists started to discover huge person alterations within the behavioral and emotional disposition of monkeys and apes. Jane Goodall’s paintings at Gombe nationwide Park driven the sector extra, yet its perceived anthropomorphism was once frowned on for a time. Undeterred, primatologists persisted to enquire features of character at Gombe. Peter Buirski’s ‘Emotions Profile Index’ and the Madingley questionnaire utilized by Joan Stevenson-Hinde and her team have been important advancements or even proficient paintings in different species.
With contributions from the various major researchers presently exploring the subject, this assortment fulfils a necessity for a entire survey of the most recent advancements within the learn of character and temperament in nonhuman primates. but it additionally contextualizes the topic via overlaying early paintings within the box in addition to key ongoing concerns akin to technique. a sequence of chapters then offer research of empirical reviews that examine points of primate temperament as different as impulsivity and aggression and the ecological implications of animal character. This booklet, then, demonstrates the richness and variety of the sector in addition to being a resource of notion for researchers devoted to investigating the subject.
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Extra resources for Personality and Temperament in Nonhuman Primates
In: Roeder JJ, Thierry B, Anderson JR, Herrenschmidt N (eds) Current primatology, Vol. II: Social development, learning and behavior. University of Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg Noldus LPJJ (1991) The Observer: A software system for collection and analysis of observational data. Behav Res Methods Instrum Comput 23:415–429 Pederson AK, King JE, Landau VI (2005) Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) personality predicts behavior. J Res Pers 39:534–549 Plutchik R (1965) What is an emotion?
Although other papers have used both behavioralcoding and trait-rating methods to assess personality, this was not the focus of the studies. , aggressive the adjective and aggressive behaviors. If they do not converge when predicted to do so, then at least one of them is not valid. 3. 3 incorporated the testing context procedure. Each of the six studies includes two kinds of assessment method (behavioral codings and trait ratings). For example, the study by Vazire et al. (2007) assessed the personality of 52 chimpanzees using both trait ratings based on cumulative observations and behavioral codings based on naturalistic observation.
J Pers Soc Psychol 85:1161–1169 Hebb DO (1949) Temperament in chimpanzees: I. Method of analysis. J Comp Physiol Psychol 42:192–206 Itoh K (2002) Personality research with non-human primates: theoretical formulation and methods. Primates 43:249–261 Kaplan JR, Manuck SB, Fontenot MB et al. (2002) Central nervous system monoamine correlates of social dominance in cynomologus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Neuropsychopharmacology 26:431–443 Kellerman H, Plutchik R (1968) Emotion-trait interrelations and the measurement of personality.