By Sarah J. Gervais
People frequently see nonhuman brokers as human-like. in the course of the tactics of anthropomorphism and humanization, humans characteristic human features, together with personalities, unfastened will, and supplier to pets, automobiles, gods, nature, and so on. equally, there are a few those that usually see human brokers as under human, or extra object-like. during this demeanour, objectification describes the remedy of a person as a specific thing, brushing aside the person's character and/or sentience. for instance, girls, scientific sufferers, racial minorities, and other people with disabilities, are usually visible as animal-like or lower than human via dehumanization and objectification. those opposing forces could be a thought of a continuum with anthropomorphism and humanization on one finish and dehumanization and objectification at the different finish. even supposing researchers have pointed out a number of the antecedents and outcomes of those methods, a scientific research of the motivations that underlie this continuum is missing. concerns of this continuum can have substantial implications for such components as daily human functioning, interactions with humans, animals, and gadgets, violence, discrimination, courting improvement, psychological health and wellbeing, or psychopathology. The edited quantity will combine a number of theoretical and empirical techniques in this issue.
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Additional info for Objectification and (De)Humanization: 60th Nebraska Symposium on Motivation
Beginning with the classic work of Fredrickson and Roberts (1997), this line of research has risen sharply, especially in the past 5 years. It is an excellent time to take stock of these advances, as the Symposium allows us to do. N. Haslam (*) · S. Loughnan · E. au S. J. 1007/978-1-4614-6959-9_2, © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013 25 26 N. Haslam et al. One of the first observations to be made about upswings of interest in the psychology of dehumanization and objectification is that they are not unrelated.
2011). Are sexualized females complete human beings? Why males and females dehumanize sexually objectified women. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 774–785. 824. Yin, R. K. (1969). Looking at upside-down faces. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 81, 141– 145. 1037/h0027474. Zarate, M. , & Smith, E. R. (1990). Person categorization and stereotyping. Social Cognition, 8, 161–185. 161. The Psychology of Humanness Nick Haslam, Steve Loughnan and Elise Holland Abstract This chapter explores the ways in which the concept of “humanness” illuminates a wide and fascinating variety of psychological phenomena.
2003); differential implicit association of groups with animals (Goff et al. 2008; Viki et al. 2006) Essence: “Xs are objects” Example: Ratings of extent to which others are merely instruments for one’s use (Gruenfeld et al. 2008) Essence: “Xs lack human nature attributes” or “Xs are implicitly associated with objects” Example: Implicit association of women with objects (Rudman and Mescher 2012) Essence: “Xs are objects compared to Ys” Example: Explicit denial of mind to objectified versus non-objectified targets (Loughnan et al.