Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism by David B. Wong

By David B. Wong

During this ebook, David B. Wong defends an formidable and critical re-creation of ethical relativism. He doesn't espouse the kind of relativism that claims something is going, yet he does commence with a relativist stance opposed to replacement theories such that there needn't be just one common fact. Wong proposes that there could be a plurality of real moralities latest throughout diverse traditions and cultures, all with one middle human query as to how we will be able to all reside together.

Reviews:

"This is an exemplary learn within the demeanour of the placement it defends: pluralist, empirically grounded, humanistic within the most sensible feel, and greatly respectful of distinction not only as otherness, yet as alternative routes of being human."--Barbara Herman, UCLA

"Natural Moralities offers compelling the explanation why some of the motivational and social points of pluralistic relativism can be a part of a well-grounded philosophical ethical theory."--Choice

"This is among the finest works in ethics i've got ever learn. i feel it may bring about adjustments in how we expect concerning the philosophical problems with ethics, and that i additionally imagine it will function a superb in-depth creation to ethics."--Gilbert Harman, Princeton University

"Wong writes conscientiously and insightfully on a large choice of issues. however the unifying subject is ethical relativism, and this ebook makes a declare to being the main systematic and persuasive safeguard of ethical relativism that has but been written. Professor Wong has written a piece of significant significance. Any destiny dialogue of ethical relativism, or opposed to, might want to take his arguments into account."--Christopher W. Gowans, Notre Dame Philosophical stories

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He could donate extra money to Oxfam if he does not go and thereby produce better consequences overall. The act consequentialist can allow that the husband perhaps should have the kind of character that would move him to such actions as making the trip. ’’36 Furthermore, these impersonal 36. Peter Railton, ‘‘Alienation, Consequentialism and Morality,’’ Philosophy and Public Affairs 13 (1984): 134–71, 159. Pluralism and Ambivalence 25 goods include a plurality of mutually irreducible goods such as knowledge, friendship, solidarity, and autonomy.

See ‘‘How to Be a Moral Realist,’’ 203. 43. See David B. Wong, ‘‘Crossing Cultures in Moral Psychology,’’ Philosophy Today 3 (2002): 7–10, and ‘‘Reasons and Analogical Reasoning in Mengzi,’’ in Essays on the Moral Philosophy of Mengzi, ed. Xiusheng Liu and Philip J. Ivanhoe (Indianapolis: Hackett, 2002), 187–220. 44. Immanuel Kant, preface of the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, ed. Thomas E. Hill Jr. and trans. Arnulf Zweig (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003). 28 How Pluralism and Naturalism Make for Natural Moralities goals, and ultimately the most general goal of advancing social utility.

For example, the source of disagreement in the United States over the moral permissibility of abortion seems not so much to be a difference in the ultimate moral principles held by opposing sides as partly a difference over the applicability of a commonly held principle requiring the protection of human life and partly a difference over the relative weight to be given in the circumstances to another widely held principle requiring the protection of individual autonomy. Philippa Foot has also suggested that there is no one universally acceptable moral principle concerning what to do when the interests of the individual and those of the community clash.

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