By J. J. Marcus, Jerrold J. Marcus
The aim of this guide is to check in regard to the us of the United States the consequences of mining at the setting and environmental legislation that take care of mining. First, an old viewpoint is gifted. the subsequent chapters define pertinent federal and country legislation. Following are 5 key chapters which jointly shape the technical middle of the instruction manual, facing the whys, whats, hows and whos of mining environmentalism. the following ten chapters deal with really good mining events, care for bills and fiscal coverage requisites, and depict or enlarge the previous details. The instruction manual concludes with a bankruptcy that evaluates present and destiny views.
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Additional resources for Mining Environmental Handbook: Effects of Mining on the Environment and American Environmental Controls on Mining
The industry has made significant improvements i n environmental protection during the last 30 years in response to environmental laws and public pressures. Although still often criticized for past and currcnt mining practices, the industry continues to commit considerable resources toward reducing the environmental impacts of mineral exploration and development, as well as mine closure and reclamation. The key environmental issues for mining discussed in Chapter 19 include revision of the Mining Law of 1872, regulation of mine waste material, land use restrictions, such as wetlands and habitat for endangered specks, and requirements for reclamation and financial assurances.
Some foreign mining companies, such as Metallgesellschaft AG and INCO, have begun issuing yearly reports on environmental activities as companion pieces to their conventional annual reports. 4 REGIONAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS MINING Mining companies, as well as all heavy industries, have adjusted to the reality of. factoring cnvironmental consequences into their decision making. In addition to traditional decision-making criteria, new and sometimes unconventional, non-technical sources of information must now be utilized.
Nevertheless, the reader should be able to update and modify the data for site specific examinations. 14 USE OF SURFACE MINES AS LANDFILLS AND REPOSITORIES There is a naturaI esthetic. environmental, and economic INTRODUCTION synergism with the employment of abandoned surface mines as landfills or repositories. As landfills become more difficult to locate and permit, it is expected that old mines will be increasingly utilized. The purpose of Chapter 14 is to provide an overview of the design practices that are being currently used to meet most regulatory guidelines.