By Emma Hornby
How do textual content and melody relate in western liturgical chant? Is the song easily an summary automobile for the textual content, or does it articulate textual constitution and that means? those questions are addressed the following via a case research of the second-mode tracts, long and complicated solo chants for Lent, that have been created within the papal choir of Rome sooner than the mid-eighth century. those in part formulaic chants functionality as exegesis, with non-syntactical textual content divisions and emphatic musical words selling convinced instructions of internal meditation in either performers and listeners. Dr Hornby compares the 4 second-mode tracts representing the center repertory to similar ninth-century Frankish chants, exhibiting that their structural and aesthetic rules are neither Frankish nor a functionality in their notation within the earliest extant manuscripts, yet are as an alternative a well-remembered written mirrored image of a protracted oral culture, stemming from Rome. Dr EMMA HORNBY teaches within the division of track on the collage of Bristol.
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Additional resources for Medieval Liturgical Chant and Patristic Exegesis: Words and Music in the Second-Mode Tracts (Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Music)
Non-Psalter text variants in isolated manuscripts of the psalmic second-mode tracts tract verse normal text Deus deus meus 1 ‘dereliquisti’ 3 ‘et nocte et non’ 6 ‘clamauerunt’ 6 ‘in te sperauerunt’ 9 ‘eripiat eum’ Domine exaudi 1 ‘orationem meam’ 2–3 ‘inclina ad me aurem tuam. In quacumque die inuocauero te’ 4 ‘frixorio confrixa sunt’ 6 Qui habitat 2 4 6 6 variant manuscript ‘derelinquisti’ ‘in nocte et non’ ‘clameuerunt’ ‘sperauerunt’ ‘eripiam eum’ Fle1 Orpa Coc6 Coc6b Fle1c ‘oratio meam’ (omitted) Rei5 Coc6 ‘fixorio confixa sunt’ Cha1, Fle1, Lan Aki5 ‘oblitus’ ‘oblatus’ corrected to ‘oblitus’ ‘meum’ ‘Scapulis’ ‘uolante’ ‘a negotio perambulate in tenebris’ 6 ‘perambulante’ ‘meam’ ‘Sapulis’ ‘uolantem’ ‘an nogotio perambulatem In tenebris’ ‘perambulantem’ 7 8 ‘milia a dextris’ ‘custodiant’ ‘milia dextris’ ‘custodiam’ 9 11 13 ‘portabunt te’ ‘cognouit’ ‘et ostendam illi’ ‘portabunte’ ‘cognoui’ ‘et ostendam’ Den5 Cha1 Aki5 Aki5 Mon6, Coc6 and Fle1 Lan Mon6, Coc6, Fle1, Cha1, Aki5 Fle1, Cor3 Lan Cor3 Rather than being a lexical error, ‘in nocte et non’ is a rare Roman Psalter variant, with the conjunction rather than the preposition implied.
The Old Roman tract repeats ‘quia uenit tempus’ as ‘quia tempus uenit’, with exactly the same music as the previous phrase. For discussion of the probably purposeful and rhetorical interpolation of repetitive text and music here, see p. 107. Some text variants do not align the manuscript in question to any particular Psalter tradition. Qui habitat has several points of variation which concern the exchange of the past tense (‘-uit’) and the future (‘-bit’), as shown in Table 4. The presence of both past and future-tense verb forms in Gallican and Roman Psalter manuscripts at each of these points, and the lack of a consistent mirroring either of the normal tract text or of its variants in the gaulois tradition, mean that one cannot use the variants to point to any particular textual 21 In Domine exaudi, Coc6 and Aki5 both begin verse 5 ‘Percussum’, like the Gallican Psalter, rather than ‘percussus sum’ (tract text and Roman Psalter) or ‘percussum est’ (γ and δ).
Without a firm association of the text accents with particular melodic patterns, it was easy for ‘per-’ to drop out of the northern tradition. On phrase 4e, see p. 58. •15• the origins of the second-mode tract texts Table 4. The exchange between ‘-bit’ and ‘-uit’ in Qui habitat tract usual tract verse text variant and manuscript(s) gaulois roman (lyonnais: γ and δ) psalter gallican psalter liberabit (Den5) obumbrauit (Coc6, Fle1, Mon6, Orc, Orj, Orp) appropinquabit approprinquauit (Coc6, Cor3,a Fle1, Mon6, Orj, Orp) sperauit sperabit (Cha1, Den5, Orj) liberauit obumbrauit either either either either adpropriauit (δ); adpropiabit (γ) either (but both rare) either sperabit (δ); sperauit (γ) Inuocauit Inuocauit sperabit (rare) sperabit or sperauit (rare) or sperauit either (Clamabit/ Clamauit) Qui habitat 3 liberauit 4 obumbrabit 7 11 12 Inuocabis (Den5, Orj); Inuocabit (Gal1) Lacunary until this point in the chant.