Masculinity and Gender in Greek Cinema: 1949-1967 by Achilleas Hadjikyriacou

By Achilleas Hadjikyriacou

Between the top of the Civil conflict (1949) and the colonels' army coup (1967) Greece underwent super political, monetary, and social variations which encouraged gender identities and kin. in the course of an analogous interval, Greece additionally witnessed an unheard of bloom in cinema productions. in response to the lately validated paradigm that cinema and pop culture considered as social associations can tell a historic learn, Masculinity and Gender in Greek Cinema explores the connection among Greek cinema and the society during which it used to be created and seen.

The book's double analytical viewpoint on cinema and masculinity advances either the research of cinema and pop culture as historic assets, and of masculinity and gender kin as legitimate different types of old research. Cinema as a medium of illustration, not just controlled to consider those matters, it additionally supplied an entire new box for his or her interpretation. this can be the 1st research to discover the dramatic transformation of masculinity and gender roles, as represented in Greek cinema in the course of the turbulent Nineteen Fifties and 1960s.

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In big cities like Athens, this trend continued in many cases. However, sometimes elderly relatives had to move into the homes of their younger kin. Furthermore, the appearance from the mid-1960s onwards of care homes for the elderly points to the creation of a new need and signifies social changes. The demands of an urban lifestyle changed family patterns significantly also in terms of birth control. 98 Despite this general decline, the average age at childbirth fell, with the rates of fertility increasing in the groups of women aged from 15 to 24 years old.

113 This seemed probable as the restrictive patriarchal system weakened after 1941 mainly due to the loss of properties and dowries and the inability of the males to protect their womenfolk. 114 But this was not a policy adopted only by the Greek right. Even among the communists women tragically realized that after the defeat: ‘… the comrades became masters again. 117 Conclusively, the post-World War II period at least until the mid-1950s is characterized by the promotion of a ‘back to tradition’ policy, which delayed the creation of an egalitarian state and society.

From the mid-1950s onwards, migration (internal and external) and various non-agricultural sources of income were among the solutions elaborated by peasants in order to adjust their lives to the new consumer culture. There was no tendency to minimize the extra needs that suddenly appeared. On the contrary, upgrading to a higher, more luxurious lifestyle was considered as an honourable deed, lending superior prestige to the head of the family able to afford such demanding expenses. 82 But the influences were not restricted to this sphere.

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