Lt. Charles Gatewood & His Apache Wars Memoir by Charles B. Gatewood

By Charles B. Gatewood

Lt. Charles B. Gatewood (1853–1896), an informed Virginian, served within the 6th U.S. Cavalry because the commander of Indian scouts. Gatewood was once mostly approved by means of the local peoples with whom he labored due to his efforts to appreciate their cultures. It was once this connection that Gatewood shaped with the Indians, and with Geronimo and Naiche particularly, that resulted in his involvement within the final Apache battle and his paintings for Indian rights. Realizing that he had extra event facing local peoples than different lieutenants serving at the frontier, Gatewood made up our minds to list his reviews. even if he died earlier than he accomplished his venture, the paintings he left at the back of continues to be a massive firsthand account of his existence as a commander of Apache scouts and as an army commandant of the White Mountain Indian Reservation. Louis Kraft provides Gatewood’s formerly unpublished account, punctuating it with an creation, extra textual content that fills within the gaps in Gatewood’s narrative, particular notes, and an epilogue. Kraft’s paintings deals new historical past details on Gatewood and discusses the manuscript as a clean account of ways Gatewood considered the occasions during which he took half.

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As the summer of 1885 wore on, two things became very obvious in Gatewood’s life: both his relationship with the White Mountain Apaches and his relationship with Gen. George Crook were nearing an end. He had been military commandant of the White Mountain Indian Reservation since the fall of 1882, and he had reported directly to Crook and worked closely with his wards since his appointment. By this time, Gatewood had become an expert on the subject of Apaches and their management. He had played a major role in their lives, seen all the ills heaped upon them by the white man, and not only known of their discontent but also sympathized with it.

His knowledge of the Apaches—especially the White Mountain Apaches— was unique. His very life depended upon those under his command accepting and obeying him at all times. Like most of us, he befriended some of his coworkers—his native coworkers. Predating the handful of Apache ethnologists of the twentieth century, such as Grenville Goodwin, Morris Edward Opler, and Eve Ball—who through years of hard work of befriending Apaches and then interviewing them have documented both a cultural and historical oral tradition that could have been lost, Gatewood literally walked in their footsteps before they did.

7 When Gatewood began writing his manuscript, he had a firm idea of what he wanted to write about. Logically it should follow that he began writing this chapter in 1886, shortly after the Apaches surrendered for the last time in September; however, other events named in this chapter date the writing as mid-1887 at the earliest. To further date this chapter, Gatewood mentions that Apache prisoners of war had been moved from Florida to Alabama, which now gives a more specific date for this writing or rewriting.

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