By Craig Biddle
Loving existence demonstrates that morality is an issue now not of divine revelation or social conference or own opinion -- yet, particularly, of the authentic necessities of human existence and happiness. Biddle exhibits how a real morality is derived logically from observable evidence, what in essence the sort of morality calls for, and why it's a subject of natural self-interest.
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Extra info for Loving Life: The Morality of Self-Interest and the Facts that Support It
In a well-known passage (that, unfortunately, demands closer scrutiny than we are able to give it here), Mill wrote: The sole end for which mankind are warranted, individually or collectively, in interfering with the liberty of action of any of their number, is self-protection. . the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others. His own good, either physical or moral, is not a sufﬁcient warrant.
And then of course there is criminal law, which focuses on what are usually called public wrongs or crimes (such as fraud, theft, and assault), and against which ‘‘the state” initiates proceedings. What makes fraud, theft, and assault public wrongs or crimes? Were we to review the whole range of activities that our law characterizes as criminal we might be tempted to throw up our hands and say (as indeed some theorists have done2 ), that what makes an activity criminal is that it has been deemed to be criminal by the law.
For example, we have various administrative rules that set out procedures for achieving certain ends (such as voting or getting married or starting a business). We also have rules of contract that specify what people who want to engage in certain exchanges (such as buying a house or selling a car) must do in order for those transactions to have legal effect and thus protection. And additionally, we have what are known as tort laws that regulate privately pursued redress for wrongs or injuries that result from carelessness (such as incautious driving) or negligent workmanship (such as an unsafe appliance that caused injury).