By Paul Michael Privateer
What's intelligence? What makes people Homo sapiens — the clever species?Inventing Intelligence is a daring deconstruction of the background of intelligence. Uncoupling our figuring out of this such a lot accepted inspiration from its conventional social technology moorings, this booklet trains a cultural reviews lens on intelligence to show it as one more type of representation.
Inventing Intelligence charts the historical past of intelligence from its earliest articulations via to postmodern AI. person chapters recount the loving spheres of divine intelligence imagined via Plato, the self-conscious stylings of the Renaissance guy, the politics of intelligence within the Enlightenment, in addition to modern tests of electronic intelligence and the mysterious experience of Einstein’s mind. formidable in its historic sweep, unflinching in its problem to traditional knowledge, Inventing Intelligence is for everybody and an individual who used to imagine that the parameters and the stakes of intelligence—evident within the present controversy over “intelligent” design—had been negotiated and finalized.Content:
Chapter 1 The Pre?Renaissance culture of Intelligence (pages 23–26):
Chapter 2 the recent panorama of shrewdpermanent (pages 27–31):
Chapter three the 1st clever economic climate (pages 32–40):
Chapter four Renaissance highbrow developments (pages 41–54):
Chapter five Renaissance Philosophy and Fabrications of Intelligence: from Montaigne to Hobbes (pages 55–76):
Chapter 6 clever Renaissance technological know-how (pages 77–85):
Chapter 7 ecocnomic wisdom and Intelligence turns into a occupation (pages 77–85):
Chapter eight Intelligence and Dominant Renaissance Scientists (pages 86–88):
Chapter nine Intelligence and the Enlightenment (pages 99–104):
Chapter 10 Illuminating Enlightenment Intelligence (pages 99–104):
Chapter eleven Enlightenment perception: Fallen Apples, Social arithmetic, and a brand new Intelligence (pages 105–110):
Chapter 12 The scientific Gaze and Human Normalization (pages 111–146):
Chapter thirteen clever Architects and modern Intelligence (pages 147–156):
Chapter 14 clever instruments and smooth Intelligence (pages 159–197):
Chapter 15 clever reviews: New Sciences and New arithmetic (pages 227–244):
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Extra resources for Inventing Intelligence: A Social History of Smart
Work discipline,” “a mass working class,” “market exchange,” “object or service as pure commodity . . a combination of acquisitive individualism, a “rational view of the productive process,” and “colonial expansion” ( Johnson, 1996, pp. 7–10). My second term, the nation state, refers to potentially “coercion-wielding organizations that . . exercise clear priority . . over all organizations within substantial territories . . [whose] structure of power exists in a large, contiguous population” and consists of “relatively powerful, centralized, and differentiated sovereign organizations” (Tilly, 1990, pp.
These collaborations not only produced new ways of knowing the world but began their institutionalization. In essence, intelligence had to be humanized – taken out of the ancient clouds and placed within the human body – if humanism was to achieve ideological success. Ultimately, by the mid-eighteenth century, the two forces were largely responsible for the victory of market capitalism and the new science over past religious orthodoxy. The next chapter explores the relationship between certain thought alliances and new representations of intelligence to show how the Renaissance humanization of intelligence helped to formulate the ideological core of modernist thought, its function being that of an essential component trafﬁcking authority, knowledge, power, science, and capital into a single and ultimate construct – the constructed individual.
What brought new groups of merchants into power were not only their trading experiences with new cultures, but also the wealth made from Asian and American expeditions. Interestingly enough, this new class invented a new value standard: the accumulation of capital ultimately replaced the sanctity of property that for hundreds of years guaranteed aristocratic wealth and power. 35 The First Smart Economy This new merchant class also believed that, rather than being an accident, wealth production was the result of hard work and individual excellence.