In the Scope of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of by Claude Debru (auth.), Peter Gärdenfors, Jan Woleński,

By Claude Debru (auth.), Peter Gärdenfors, Jan Woleński, Katarzyna Kijania-Placek (eds.)

This is the second one of 2 volumes containing papers submitted by way of the invited audio system to the eleventh foreign Congress of common sense, method and Philosophy of technology, held in Cracow in 1999, less than the auspices of the foreign Union of heritage and Philosophy of technological know-how, department of good judgment, technique and Philosophy of technological know-how. The invited audio system are the major researchers and therefore the publication offers the present kingdom of the highbrow discourse within the respective fields.

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Extra info for In the Scope of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science: Volume Two of the 11th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Cracow, August 1999

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Our understanding is still very limited. g. it is not easy to define 'information' - another partly indeterminate cluster concept. Nevertheless, in the last half century we have learnt about some of the variety of types of information processing machines and their architectures. 1. Virtual machines Machines are generally complex systems with an architecture, which is defined by the number and types of interacting components and their contributions to the capabilities of the larger system. The components may also be machines with their own architectures.

Physicists may disagree as to what the unique architecture of physical reality is, just as two ethologists may disagree about the architecture of a gorilla's mind, but that is not like ethologists studying the minds of many distinct species. Different kinds of minds with different architectures which will each generate separate families of concepts for types of mental states and processes. We should not expect that concepts relevant to describing mental states in an adult human are applicable to a simple robot, a software agent in a computer game, a new born human infant, or a bat (Nagel 1981).

References Dretske, Fred: (1981), Knowledge and the Flow of Information, MIT Press, Cambridge MA. Gilbert, Scott: (1997), Developmental Biology, Fifth edition, Sinauer, Sunderland MA. Godfrey-Smith, Peter: (forthcoming a), 'On the Theoretical Role of "Genetic Coding" " to appear in Philosophy ofScience. Godfrey-Smith, Peter: (forthcoming b), 'Information, Arbitrariness and Selection: Comments on Maynard Smith', to appear in Philosophy of Science. Griffiths, Paul, Russell Gray: (1994), 'Developmental Systems and Evolutionary Explanation', Journal ofPhilosophy 91, pp.

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