Human Interactions with the Carbon Cycle (Compass series) by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social

By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Board on Environmental Change and Society, Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change, Visit Amazon's Paul C. Stern Page, search results, Learn about Author Centr

The USGCRP's Carbon Cycle operating team requested the nationwide examine Council's Committee at the Human Dimensions of worldwide swap to carry a workshop on Human Interactions with the Carbon Cycle. the fundamental function of the workshop used to be to aid construct bridges among the learn groups within the social sciences and the traditional sciences that will finally interact to supply the wanted realizing of the carbon cycle-an figuring out which could tell public judgements which could, between different issues, hinder failures from caused by the methods humanity has been changing the carbon cycle. participants of the operating workforce was hoping profitable workshop might enhance verbal exchange among the appropriate study groups within the common and social sciences, prime finally to a diffusion of the carbon cycle application point in instructions that will greater combine the 2 domains.

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He asked whether the age structures implied by the scenarios have ever existed and doubted that they could possibly last as long as projected. Pitcher noted that the models lack economic and demographic feedbacks. Morgan suggested that there is a structural limitation to the scenarios that an intergovernmental process such as IPCC would consider. They will 28 HUMAN INTERACTIONS WITH THE CARBON CYCLE not do catastrophe scenarios, and probably also will not do scenarios involving lack of economic development.

The next step is to move from classification toward a continuous-measurement approach. Researchers are using spatially explicit models at increasingly regional levels. There is still a gap between the historical reconstructions and models. This might be closed by using agent-based models, which include learning and adaptation. Progress is being made by comparing multiple case studies. A searchable database of 1,000 case studies has been prepared. One project is examining 142 case studies of tropical deforestation to look at the driving forces.

Working Group III, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2000 Emissions Scenarios: Summary for Policymakers. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. S. carbon cycle research program—Chris Field, Stanford University 9:00 am Human dimensions in the international carbon cycle research program—Eugene Rosa, Washington State University 9:15 am Discussion 37 38 HUMAN INTERACTIONS WITH THE CARBON CYCLE Human Activities Driving the Carbon Cycle The future of fossil fuel consumption 9:45 am Economic issues—Howard Gruenspecht, Resources for the Future 10:00 am Behavioral issues—Chris Payne, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, and Loren Lutzenhiser, Washington State University 10:15 am Commentary—Thomas Wilbanks, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 10:30 am Discussion The carbon implications of future land cover/land use transformations 11:15 am A carbon cycle modeling perspective—Ruth DeFries, University of Maryland 11:30 am A human dimensions perspective—Emilio Moran, Indiana University 11:45 am Commentary—Mark Rosenzweig, University of Pennsylvania 12:00 Discussion 12:30 pm Lunch Modeling Human Interactions with the Carbon Cycle What carbon cycle modelers need from human dimensions research 1:00 pm A view from a carbon cycle modeler—Jorge Sarmiento, Princeton University 39 APPENDIX 1:15 pm A view from human dimensions research—Hugh Pitcher, Pacific Northwest Laboratory 1:30 pm Commentary—Stephen Schneider, Stanford University 1:45 pm Discussion 2:15 pm Closing Discussion: Next Steps Comments Ted Parson, Harvard University Chris Field, Stanford University Lisa Dilling, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2:30 pm Open discussion 3:00 pm Adjourn workshop WORKSHOP PARTICIPANTS Krisa Arzayus, Office of Global Programs, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Mitchell T.

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