Housing and Urban Development in the USSR by Gregory D. Andrusz

By Gregory D. Andrusz

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Housing had been converted into a direct reward for services rendered to a specific employer. On the other hand, an individual had the right to be provided with living space by the local soviet. However, such a 'harmonious' solution would have defeated another purpose of the government, which was to tie workers to their work-place and to 'raise labour discipline'. In order to achieve these aims, a further clause was added to the effect that local soviets were not obliged to offer accommodation to those who were evicted either because they had terminated their employment without the consent of the management or because they had been dismissed for 'violating labour discipline' or committing a crime.

1976-81:N. kh. SSSR 1922-1982, Yubileinyi statisticheskii yezhegodnik, 1982, p. 426. Notes: • Statistical handbooks since 197 5 have not cited figures for co-operative housing construction. • • These figures include building by housing co-operatives. 0 million square metres of overall (useful) living space erected in these respective years by 'collective farms, collective farmers and the rural intelligentsia' in urban settlements. , p. , p. , p. , p. , p. , p. , p. , p. , pp. , pp. , pp. 7, 392 Narodnoe khozyaistvo SSSR 1922-1982, p.

Its semi-autonomous status, the fact that it had traditionally attracted a more privileged section of the population (under capitalism- the working class aristocracy; under NEP- the intelligentsia and members of the so-called 'unproductive classes') called forth a certain hostility from a section of the Party hierarchy who viewed the co-operative as a heretical form of housing tenure. Doubts and hostility notwithstanding, on 16 May 1924 the XIII Party Congress passed a resolution which, in stressing the need to pay greater attention to the housing question and the necessity of drawing upon the 'independent activity of the population', proposed the creation of co-operatives.

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