By Matthew G. Specter
This publication follows postwar Germany's prime thinker and social philosopher, Jürgen Habermas, via 4 many years of political and constitutional fight over the form of liberal democracy in Germany. Habermas's such a lot influential theories - of the general public sphere, communicative motion, and modernity - have been decisively formed through significant West German political occasions: the failure to de-Nazify the judiciary, the increase of a robust Constitutional court docket, scholar rebellions within the past due Sixties, the altering fortunes of the Social Democratic occasion, NATO's selection to station nuclear guns, and the unforeseen cave in of East Germany. In flip, Habermas's writings on kingdom, legislations, and structure performed a serious function in reorienting German political idea and tradition to a revolutionary liberal-democratic version. Matthew Specter uniquely illuminates the interrelationship among the philosopher and his tradition.
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7 Axel Honneth, Eberhardt Knödler-Bunte, Arno Widmann, “Dialektik der Rationalisierung,”[October 1981], in Die Neue Unübersichtlichkeit (Frankfurt/ Main: Suhrkamp, 1985), 171. , 169. 9 See Wilhelm Bleek and Hans J. Lietzmann, Schulen in der deutschen Politikwissenschaften (Opladen: Leske & Budrich, 1999); Alfons Söllner, Rainer Elsfeld, Michael Th. Greven, and Hans Karl Rupp, Political Science and Regime Change in 20th Century Germany (New York: Nova Science Publishers, 1996). 10 Author’s private correspondence with Habermas, June 7, 2005.
55 16 Habermas: An intellectual biography a functional mechanism for the preservation of capitalism. . ”59 Weber can be categorized as a legal positivist because he did not distinguish between de facto and de jure legal order. 60 Habermas argued that Weber’s positivist conception of law resulted in a decisionistic concept of legitimacy. Weber was a decisionist because he followed Nietzsche in arguing that value decisions were strictly irrational; the choice of what to consider a god and what a demon ultimately was arbitrary and ungrounded.
372, 374. , 307. Schiller would later serve as Economics Minister from 1966–71 and Finance Minister from 1971–2.