Growth Pole Strategy and Regional Development Policy. Asian by Fu-Chen Lo

By Fu-Chen Lo

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The subsequent rapid increase in demand for labour had the effect of polarizing to the OK growth pole from the non-OK regions as well as from outside the prefecture. The resulting increase in the growth rate of the OK growth pole and close cities located in the South was mirrored by corresponding decrease in growth rates of the Northern urban centres. However, there seems to have been a turning point when *'spread effect" began to dominate **polarization effect" which can readily be pinpointed around 1968 - 9.

Table 8 implies one important fact; that is that Mizushima's share of the net m a n u ­ facturing product and hence its income impact on the net prefectural product, had its peak in 1970 and was decreasing afterwards. This might suggest that industries in Okayama Prefecture outside Mizushima had started their own growth process, either as a lag response of the impacts generated by Mizushima industrial complex or the spread ef­ fect generated outside of the growth pole which is shown in section 3.

In 1961, with the conclusion of agreements by Mitsubishi Oil, Nippon Mining, and Kawasaki Steel to locate petroleum refining and steel plants in Mizushima, a five-year development plan for Mizushima was enacted. In this five-year plan not only the h a r b o u r development and reclamation of industrial land but also urban infrastructure develop­ ment programmes were included. Using industrial complex analysis, the optimum com­ bination of industrial activities and corresponding levels of industrial production were determined.

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