Freud and Psychoanalysis (Pocket Essential series) by Nick Rennison

By Nick Rennison

Pocket necessities is a dynamic sequence of books which are concise, vigorous, and simple to learn. filled with proof in addition to specialist reviews, every one e-book has the entire key info you must find out about such renowned themes as movie, tv, cult fiction, heritage, and extra. Freud was once one of many giants of twentieth century notion. His rules were highly influential not just in psychology yet in the entire social sciences and the humanities. This seems at Freud's existence from his delivery in 1856 to his loss of life in Hampstead in 1939. each one of Freud's significant works is summarized, his important principles are explored, and controversies over his equipment and practices are tested. Did he, as a few contemporary critics have alleged, flip his again on facts of actual baby abuse in Nineties Vienna and like in its place to ascribe it to fable and need fulfilment? What have been the explanations at the back of his bad quarrel with Carl Gustav Jung? Does his "talking treatment" of psychoanalysis really paintings?

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It took eight years for the initial print-run of 600 to sell out. The central contention of Freud’s book is that dreams are the consequences of a battle between the conscious and the unconscious. The unconscious teems with thoughts, desires and wishes that look for expression but, in ordinary, waking life, the conscious mind represses these. In dreams, the unconscious partially evades the censorship imposed upon it and its wishes and desires achieve fulfilment. However, because the wishes and desires (largely sexual and related to the longings of infantile sexuality) have such power to disturb the individual, even in dreams they are fulfilled only in disguised form.

Yet frustration is the inevitable consequence of this. The evolution of civilisation is a constant struggle between altruism and egoism, between acquiescence to society’s rules and the selfish fulfilment of individual desire. One result of this is that the growth of civilisation is inextricably bound up with an increase in the sense of guilt in the individual, since he or she is aware, both consciously and unconsciously, of those destructive and transgressive desires which exist in us all. Freud concludes by pondering (with his usual, innate gloominess) the question of whether our cultural development is enough to master the underlying human instinct for aggression and self-destruction.

Freud had also noticed evidence closer to home that appeared to contradict his earlier ideas. His one-year-old grandson Heinz had devised a game which he played when his mother left him for a few hours each day. The game, involving repeatedly throwing away a toy and then retrieving it, mimicked the unpleasurable disappearance of his mother. Yet by repeatedly echoing what was unpleasurable, the child was able to gain some control over it. Perhaps this was what was happening in traumatic dreams. Repeated playing out of the original trauma was a route to exorcising the pain by gaining a new defence after the event which had not existed when it first occurred.

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