Ethics (Fundamentals of Philosophy) by Piers Benn

By Piers Benn

This creation to ethics judiciously combines ethical idea with utilized ethics to provide a chance for college kids to enhance acute puzzling over moral Matters.; the writer starts Motivating a priority For ethical discourse via dispelling usually met objections over relativism and subjectivity. interweaving normative and meta-ethical issues, a powerful sleek account of ethical considering emerges.; ethical theories - consequentialism, Kantianism, contractualism - are defined and illustrated in a manner that holds the reader's cognizance, and scholars of ethics will remove a perceptive and useful figuring out of the character of ethical reasoning and a capability, on such issues, to imagine afresh for themselves.

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For certain moral convictions do seem undeniably well-founded, and if we can preserve our intuitions about them only if we accept their objective grounding, then that is what we must do. However, that seems to have certain costs. For what precisely does it mean to say that there are objective 32 WHY IS THERE A PROBLEM? moral facts? What kind of evidence could possibly count for or against this doctrine? How can value possibly be objective? Why is there a problem? This is an area where technical distinctions abound, and where the very nature of the dispute is itself a matter of dispute.

All that really happens is that certain physical properties – microscopic primary qualities – of the objects cause light of a certain 42 VALUES AND SECONDARY QUALITIES wavelength to be emitted, which then interacts with our sensory apparatus and causes us to experience the sensation of redness. But it may now seem surprising that the analogy with secondary qualities is used to defend the objectivity of moral values. For the account of secondary qualities so far given appears to suggest that if there is an analogy at all, it pulls in quite the opposite direction.

Certain questions may seem open when really they are not. e. the property of being water is the property of being H 2O. It is impossible that a fluid could be water but not H2O. But for one ignorant of basic chemistry, this is surely not obvious. Similarly for all kinds of truths: even if they could not be otherwise, we may be under the illusion that they could be. Nevertheless, one may still feel that the argument points to something important, even if it needs more careful formulation. The argument illustrates the appeal of the fact–value distinction: that evaluative statements, such as moral ones, somehow go beyond ordinary factual ones.

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