By Harry J. Gensler
This leading edge, well-structured sequence is for college students who've already completed
an introductory path in philosophy. every one booklet introduces a core
general topic in modern philosophy and provides scholars an accessible
but immense transition from introductory to raised point collage paintings in
that topic. The sequence is offered to nonspecialists, and every e-book clearly
motivates and expounds the issues and positions brought. An orientating
chapter in brief introduces its subject and reminds readers of any the most important material
they must have retained from a customary introductory direction. Considerable
attention is given to explaining the relevant philosophical difficulties of a subject
and the most competing strategies and arguments for these ideas. The
primary goal is to coach scholars by and large difficulties, positions, and
arguments of up to date philosophy instead of to persuade scholars of a
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Extra resources for Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction (2nd Edition)
How would we apply the ideal-observer view if we were elected to Congress? 17. How does the ideal-observer view apply to racism? 18. Write about a page sketching your initial reaction to the ideal-observer view. Does it seem plausible to you? What do you like and dislike about it? Can you think of any way to show that it’s false? 19. Sketch two problems with the ideal-observer view. ” Hume’s eighteenth-century A Treatise of Human Nature (especially Part 1 of Book 3) is the classic defense of subjectivism.
Hume had further arguments for the view; for example, he argued that, since moral judgments influence our actions and feelings, they must be emotional and not just judgments of reason. His later Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (especially Section 9 and Appendix 1) incorporated elements of the ideal-observer view. For more recent defenses of this view, see Firth’s brief “Ethical absolutism and the ideal observer” or Carson’s longer The Status of Morality. The Bibliography at the end of the book has information on how to find these works.
So I have a strong religious motivation to be moral, and I follow a religious approach to moral education. One of the problems with the world today is that people try to teach morality without teaching religion—which won’t work. So people grow up without any firm values. Finally, I see atheists as confused about morality. At first I was perplexed that some atheists can accept morality and try to live moral lives. But someone explained to me that atheists first got their values from a religious source.