Ethical Decision Making in Social Research: A Practical by R. Iphofen

By R. Iphofen

This booklet publications the making of moral judgements in study. It helps considering via moral dilemmas that come up whereas study is being deliberate, performed and pronounced. It deals checklists to facilitate moral assessment and is illustrated by way of genuine case reviews.

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Thus social research in the interests of advancing knowledge – the reason we engage in this activity in the first place – would be fundamentally limited. com - licensed to Taiwan eBook Consortium - PalgraveConnect - 2011-03-03 Researcher Identification 33 34 Ethical Decision-Making in Social Research to help secure the esteem of the public, research commissioners and research ethics scrutineers. One professional device for enhancing ethical awareness is expert mentorship – the sharing of experiences and solutions to problems.

At the very least this could offer a way of ensuring that they have read and considered the available professional guidelines. Training would need to take place at a range of levels of experience – novices may not be able to anticipate all the kinds of things that could go wrong but more experienced researchers may suffer from complacency, the assumption that they are prepared for all eventualities and/or ignorance of the implications of new legislation. Finding an experienced mentor and the sharing of concerns with others working in the same field is vital to seeking a balanced professional response to ethical dilemmas.

Vulnerability is linked to the problem of routinely socially excluded participants and one might ask whether or not the potential for social exclusion in research was an ethical or methodological concern (or both). Pharmaceutical trials routinely exclude the old and females – subjects are sought from young, healthy males. And yet those same drugs may eventually be prescribed to old, unhealthy females. In some respects the issue of vulnerability (see Chapter 10) may be traded off against social exclusion.

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