By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
Read Online or Download Environmental Risks and Insurance: A Comparative Analysis of the Role of Insurance in the Management of Environment-Related Risks PDF
Best environmental economics books
Desk of content material :ForewordAcknowledgementsAbstractKey MessagesExecutive Summary1. history Report2. Key Findings of section I Study3. Mandate, Scope, and company of the Work4. Epoxy Asphalt: checking out and try Results5. excessive functionality Cementitious fabric: trying out and try Results6. functionality evaluation and Extrapolation of Results7.
Assessment 'An first-class advent to a speedily constructing department of political economics . .. the scope for debate is without doubt one of the issues that makes this pioneering ebook so interesting. ' Richard Douthwaite, Feasta, the root for the Economics of Sustainability 'Ground-breaking . .. i believe her publication is insightful, and includes many notable coverage rules' John-Paul Flintoff, The Sunday instances 'Here is a e-book and is the reason in transparent phrases the industrial paradigm for the twenty first Century.
Jan van Schilfgaarde, USDA Agricultural study carrier and nationwide learn Council Committee on Irrigation-Induced Water caliber difficulties In 1982, a startling discovery was once made. Many waterbirds in Kesterson nationwide natural world safe haven have been loss of life or soreness reproductive failure. situated within the San Joaquin Valley (Valley) of California, the Kesterson Reservoir (Kesterson) was once used to shop agricultural drainage water and it used to be quickly made up our minds that the possible reason for the wear and tear to flora and fauna used to be excessive concen trations of selenium, derived from the water and water organisms within the reservoir.
Additional resources for Environmental Risks and Insurance: A Comparative Analysis of the Role of Insurance in the Management of Environment-Related Risks
Environmental risk and insurance: a problem of incentives In light of this modern and innovative attitude adopted by the industry, insurance seems to be an appropriate legal and economic tool available to complement both the liability system and the regulatory framework with respect to the environmental pollution risk. Modern environmental insurance would in fact solve, at least partially,94 the judgment proof (insolvency) problem that potentially undermines the effectiveness of any environmental liability regime and it would also increase loss prevention, by stimulating the adoption of tailored safety measures.
Gradual pollution events also present relevant aspects of generalized factual uncertainty: in most cases, pollution develops unnoticed and insidiously over a substantial period of time and it is very difficult to determine when it began and how long it lasted. The latency and the long terms effects characterizing gradual pollution phenomena, therefore, raise questions as to the adequacy of traditional trigger-of-coverage clauses, such as the “act committed” or the “loss occurrence” triggers. According to the “act-committed” formula, the wrongful act must have taken place during the period of validity of the liability policy, while under the “loss occurrence” clause, the injury or loss caused by the wrongful act must have occurred during the said period.
Of the civil code. 349/86: anyone who causes NO. 22/97. 22/97, the rule. 22/97: anyone who competent authority has the power to issue causes land, surface or groundwater to exceed compulsory cleanup statutory contamination limits, orders. or a significant and imminent threat of such harm. Site owners who are not involved in the polluting activity bear the liability if the causer can not be made to pay. STRICT LIABILITY STRICT LIABILITY, both under the UHG and the BSG. PRESUMPTION OF CAUSATION (§ 6 UHG).