Encyclopedia of applied psychology by Charles Spielberger

By Charles Spielberger

The Encyclopedia of utilized Psychology encompasses purposes of mental wisdom and methods in all components of psychology. This compendium is an enormous resource of data for pro practitioners, researchers in psychology, and for an individual drawn to utilized psychology. the subjects integrated are, yet usually are not restricted to, getting older (geropsychology), overview, medical, cognitive, group, counseling, academic, environmental, kinfolk, industrial/organizational, healthiness, tuition, activities, and transportation psychology. The entries drawn from the above-referenced parts offer a transparent definition of subject, a quick assessment of theoretical foundation suitable to the subject, and emphasize significant components of application.

Also to be had on-line through ScienceDirect - that includes broad shopping, looking out, and inner cross-referencing among articles within the paintings, plus dynamic linking to magazine articles and summary databases, making navigation versatile and simple. for additional info, pricing innovations and availability stopover at www.info.sciencedirect.com.

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Acculturation Concept Acculturation Contexts Acculturation Strategies Acculturative Stress Adaptation Applications Further Reading GLOSSARY acculturation A process of cultural and psychological change resulting from contact between cultural groups and their individual members. acculturation strategies Variations in the way acculturating groups and individuals attempt to manage the process of acculturation (see Assimilation, Integration, Marginalization, Separation). acculturative stress A negative psychological reaction to the experiences of acculturation, often characterized by anxiety, depression and a variety of psychosomatic problems.

Students who attribute failure to low ability are less likely to expect future success than are those who attribute it to low effort. The latter finding is especially critical because a low expectation of future success stifles motivation. From the perspective of achievement motivation, it is far better to stress effort than ability because the former has stronger motivational effects. Of course, as skills develop, students do become more able, so the attribution of success to ability is credible.

The psychology of culture shock. London: Routledge. Achievement Motivation in Academics a0005 Dale H. Schunk University of North Carolina, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA 1. 2. 3. 4. Introduction Background Current Perspectives Promoting Achievement Motivation Further Reading Achievement motivation is the desire to excel at effortful activities. Achievement motivation originally was thought of as extending across many areas, but current views conceive of it as more specific to situations. Personal, social, instructional, familial, and cultural factors affect achievement motivation, and parents and educators can help students to improve their achievement motivation.

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