By Paul Courtright
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Extra resources for Disorienting Dharma: Ethics and Poetics of Suffering in the Mahabharata
After he finishes, Janamejaya requests to be told in more detail how the game came about. He says: How did that disastrous game between brothers come about where my grandfathers the Padavas fell victim to calamity? Who were the kings who were 13 janamejayasya rajarseh sarpasatre mahatmanah I samipe pdrthivendrasya samyak pdrik;itasya ca I1 kppidvaipdyanuprokt@ supunyd v i v i d w kuthahi kuthitOS cctpi vidhivad ya vaiiampdyanena vai I1 Srutvah4q td vicitrartha mahabhdratasa@rit@. 8-10. 1. l5 Minkowski, "Janamejaya's Sattra," 403.
Madeline Biardeau had a similar critique. According to her, 'The editors up till now have concentrated on the reconstruction of a single text out of the several known recensions, but it is recognized by everybody, including the editors themselves, that such a text never existed. 2 (1968): 115-123. Biardeau proposed the preparationof a synoptic edition in which all versions will be represented side by side. " He further notes that the Japanese scholar Muneo Tokunaga spearheaded the digitization of the Pune text in 1996, which was reworked by John Smith three years later.
2-3. 1. 1. 54-55. 51 Some might assume that since I am exploring the literary representation of suffering in the Mahdbhdrata that I will argue for a Buddhist influence on the epic. Quite the contrary, as Louis Gonzales-Reimann points out, suffering was a preoccupation of many pre-modern brahmanical texts? In general terms, much of the new religious thought of the time [of the composition of the Mahdbhdrata] centered around the transitory nature of worldly existence, and the inevitability of death.