By Luis Navia
The lifestyles and teachings of Diogenes of Sinope, the Greek thinker who gave upward push to classical Cynicism, deserve cautious attention as a result of their relevance to modern moral matters. the duty of reconstructing the philosopher's existence, in spite of the fact that, is quite tricky, simply because in his case, greater than in these of different historical philosophers, we needs to deal not just with the shortage of trustworthy resources and tales, but in addition with the mountains of anecdotal and fictional bills which are liable for the construction of a veritable literary legend round the Cynic who as soon as lived in a bathtub. This entire examine reconstructs his biography at the foundation of classical and Arabic assets, identifies the most principles and ideas of his philosophy, and indicates the applying of his philosophical message for our modern world.
It additionally comprises an commonly annotated translation of Diogenes Laertius' Life of Diogenes of Sinope, that's our imperative resource of data concerning the philosopher.
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Extra info for Diogenes of Sinope: The Man in the Tub
According to Foucault, the practice of ncxpp11oia is a requirement for any sort of philosophical enterprise that endeavors to be authentic. For comments on Foucault' s assessment of Cynicism in general and of Diogenes in particular, see T. R. Flynn, "Foucault as Parrhesiast: His Last Course at the College de France ( 1 984)," in The Final Foucault. Edited by J. Bemauer and D. Ramussen (Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 1 99 1 ), pp. 1 02- 1 1 8. 8. B. Russell, A History of Western Philosophy (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1 972), pp.
H . " Litterre Numismaticre Vindobonenses I ( I 979), pp. 49-63 . For comments on various numismatic findings that could shed light on Diogenes ' role in the defacement of the currency, see J. " Revue Numismatique 1 8 ( 1 9 1 4), pp. 1 41 9. 3 7 . Sayre (Diogenes ofSinope, p. C. and that the currency defacement must have occurrep after that time. This may be supported by the numismatic research of T. " Revue des Etudes Grecques 39 ( 1 926), pp. xlv-xlvi. 38. D. R. Dudley, A History of Cynicism From Diogenes to the 61h Century A .
The story of Diogenes' abduction by pirates, while perfectly plausible, may not be more than a romantic tale about him. In Corinth, Xeniades is said to have asked Diogenes to oversee the education of his sons and to manage the affairs of his household. 57 After the death of Xeniades, Diogenes is reported to have remained in Corinth, living alone near a gymnasium known as ' the Craneum' , outside the city walls, in a cypress grove facing the harbor. In the words of Dio Chrysostom, "Diogenes had no court around himself, great or small, for he lived alone and by himself in the Craneum; he did not have any disciples, nor was there any crowd around him, as we find around sophists, flute players, and choral singers" (Or.